A group intervention to reduce smoking in individuals with psychiatric disorder: brief report of a pilot study

Kisely, Stephen R., Wise, Mike, Preston, Mike, Malmgren, Senia and Shannon, Peter (2003) A group intervention to reduce smoking in individuals with psychiatric disorder: brief report of a pilot study. Australian And New Zealand Journal of Public Health, 27 1: 61-63.


Author Kisely, Stephen R.
Wise, Mike
Preston, Mike
Malmgren, Senia
Shannon, Peter
Title A group intervention to reduce smoking in individuals with psychiatric disorder: brief report of a pilot study
Journal name Australian And New Zealand Journal of Public Health   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 1326-0200
Publication date 2003-02
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1111/j.1467-842X.2003.tb00381.x
Volume 27
Issue 1
Start page 61
End page 63
Total pages 3
Place of publication Carlton, Vic., Australia
Publisher Blackwell Publishing
Language eng
Subject 110319 Psychiatry (incl. Psychotherapy)
110321 Rehabilitation and Therapy (excl. Physiotherapy)
Formatted abstract Objectives: To evaluate a group intervention to help individuals with psychiatric disorder stop smoking.

Method: A waitlist-treatment crossover design. Outcome measures included smoking cessation, motivation to stop, the Fagerstrom Test for Nicotine Dependence (FIND), urinary cotinine and psychiatric symptoms on the General Health Questionnaire.

Results: 38 subjects participated, of whom 19 completed the waitlist and intervention phases. There were no significant differences between subjects and dropouts. During the waitlist period there were no significant changes in tobacco use. At the end of the intervention, almost a quarter had stopped smoking, (z= -2.24, p=0.02). Subjects also showed significant improvements on state of change, FTND score and urinary cotinine levels. These improvements were maintained at three month follow-up (n=10). Psychiatric morbidity showed no change.

Conclusions: It is possible to reduce smoking in individuals with psychiatric disorder.

Implications: Larger randomised controlled trials are indicated to determine the relative contributions of nicotine replacement, bupropion and group interventions to smoking cessation in this population.
Keyword Nicotine Dependence
Schizophrenia
Cessation
Illness
Patch
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Provisional Code
Institutional Status Unknown
Additional Notes Published Online: 25 Sep 2007

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collections: Excellence in Research Australia (ERA) - Collection
School of Health and Rehabilitation Sciences Publications
 
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