Access to psychiatric care; The results of the Pathways to Care study in Preston

Harrison, J., Kisely, S. R., Jones, J. A., Blake, I. and Creed, F. H. (1997) Access to psychiatric care; The results of the Pathways to Care study in Preston. Journal of Public Health Medicine, 19 1: 69-75.


Author Harrison, J.
Kisely, S. R.
Jones, J. A.
Blake, I.
Creed, F. H.
Title Access to psychiatric care; The results of the Pathways to Care study in Preston
Journal name Journal of Public Health Medicine   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 0957-4832
1741-3842
1741-3850
Publication date 1997-03
Sub-type Article (original research)
Volume 19
Issue 1
Start page 69
End page 75
Total pages 7
Place of publication Oxford, U.K.
Publisher Oxford University Press
Language eng
Subject C1
1117 Public Health and Health Services
Formatted abstract
Background: The aim of the present research was to study factors that might determine speed of access to psychiatric care, including the effect of the introduction of a community psychiatric service.

Method: A Pathways to Care analysis was used to detail new referrals to mental health professionals (MHPs) during two one-month intervals one year apart, before and after the introduction of a community service (r=279). Univariate analysis of possible factors that might affect access was undertaken, including socio-demographic factors, clinical factors and style of service. Significant associations were then investigated using stepwise logistic regression.

Results: The inception rate for treatment was similar to that reported for other services (0.10 per cent). After the establishment of community teams, there was an overall 22 per cent increase in the number of patients seen, with the greatest increase being for neurotic disorders and patients seen by non-medical staff. Of patient-based factors, younger age and suicidal ideation were associated with shorter pathways. Older age, married status, somatic symptoms, anxiety and depression were associated with slower pathways. Patients with suicidal ideation were seen within three days. The introduction of a community pathways team was associated with a lengthening of time to specialist care.

Conclusions: Following a non-experimental change in service delivery, an increase in referrals for less severe mental illness was demonstrated. Continued comprehensive data collection of this type can be used by purchasers to monitor referral patterns and can provide a basis for determining priorities in service delivery.
© Oxford University Press 1997
Keyword Community mental health care
Access
Referral pathways
Q-Index Code C1

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collection: Queensland Centre for Health Data Services
 
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Created: Wed, 18 Nov 2009, 12:15:34 EST