Prawners, prawning and policies : the management of the Queensland prawn fishery 1970-1995

Glaister, J. P. (John Patrick) (1999). Prawners, prawning and policies : the management of the Queensland prawn fishery 1970-1995 PhD Thesis, School of Social Science, The University of Queensland.

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Author Glaister, J. P. (John Patrick)
Thesis Title Prawners, prawning and policies : the management of the Queensland prawn fishery 1970-1995
School, Centre or Institute School of Social Science
Institution The University of Queensland
Publication date 1999
Thesis type PhD Thesis
Open Access Status File (Publisher version)
Total pages 300
Language eng
Subjects 1599 Other Commerce, Management, Tourism and Services
070403 Fisheries Management
Formatted abstract
Prawn fishers are a distinctive occupational and class group - many are artisanal  and petite bourgeoisie - which means they have a particular orientation to the world. Their work involves harvesting a distinctive and renewable resource : prawns. There has been a general paradigmatic shift in fisheries management from biological to bio-economic and, it is argued here, to now socio-bio-economic. Government and industry organisations interact to develop management policies for the sustainable exploitation of fish populations. Organisational cultures can influence such policies, which in turn have marked implications for the class positions of fishers. Prawn fishers are very distinctive among an occupation/class (fishers generally), which is itself very distinctive. This study examines the general nature of the prawn fisher, by contrasting social demographics and class positions among Australian prawn fishers, subject to differing management policies. It then contrasts the specific with the general by considering, as a case study, the origin, implementation and effect of such policies in the Queensland prawn trawl fishery through an empirical study of the group, and in particular, how class position may influence attitudes to policy change.

In Australian prawn fisheries, the timing of the imposition of limits to further vessel entry, and other policy decisions, have allowed a differential aggregation of ownership of the means of production, and the penetration of capital may pose long term threats to the continuation of the petite bourgeoisie prawn fishers. Capitalism, including the control of export markets, may see an increase in wage labour and diminution of the owner-operator among prawn fishers. Current organisational structures of government and industry are unlikely to provide policy solutions that will allow long term change and survival of this class in the Queensland prawn fishery. A number of future research areas are identified.
Keyword Shrimp fisheries -- Queensland
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Document type: Thesis
Collections: Queensland Past Online (QPO)
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