Malaria vectors of Papua New Guinea

Cooper, RD, Waterson, DGE, Frances, SP, Beebe, NW, Pluess, B and Sweeney, AW (2009) Malaria vectors of Papua New Guinea. INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL FOR PARASITOLOGY, 39 13: 1495-1501. doi:10.1016/j.ijpara.2009.05.009

Author Cooper, RD
Waterson, DGE
Frances, SP
Beebe, NW
Pluess, B
Sweeney, AW
Title Malaria vectors of Papua New Guinea
Journal name INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL FOR PARASITOLOGY   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 0020-7519
Publication date 2009-11
Year available 2009
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1016/j.ijpara.2009.05.009
Volume 39
Issue 13
Start page 1495
End page 1501
Total pages 7
Editor A. Loukas
Place of publication United Kingdom
Publisher Elsevier
Collection year 2010
Language eng
Subject C1
111711 Health Information Systems (incl. Surveillance)
920404 Disease Distribution and Transmission (incl. Surveillance and Response)
111715 Pacific Peoples Health
Formatted abstract
Understanding malaria transmission in Papua New Guinea (PNG) requires exact knowledge of which
Anopheles species are transmitting malaria and is complicated by the cryptic species status of many of
these mosquitoes. To identify the malaria vectors in PNG we studied Anopheles specimens from 232 collection
localities around human habitation throughout PNG (using CO2 baited light traps and human bait
collections). A total of 22,970 mosquitoes were individually assessed using a Plasmodium sporozoite
enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay to identify Plasmodium falciparum, Plasmodium vivax and Plasmodium
circumsporozoite proteins. All mosquitoes were identified to species by morphology
and/or PCR. Based on distribution, abundance and their ability to develop sporozoites, we identified five
species as major vectors of malaria in PNG. These included: Anopheles farauti, Anopheles hinesorum
(incriminated here, to our knowledge, for the first time), Anopheles farauti 4, Anopheles koliensis and
Anopheles punctulatus. Anopheles longirostris and Anopheles bancroftii were also incriminated in this study.
Surprisingly, An. longirostris showed a high incidence of infections in some areas. A newly identified taxon
within the Punctulatus Group, tentatively called An. farauti 8, was also found positive for circumsporozoite
protein. These latter three species, together with Anopheles karwari and Anopheles subpictus, incriminated
in other studies, appear to be only minor vectors, while Anopheles farauti 6 appears to be the major
vector in the highland river valleys (>1500 m above sea level). The nine remaining Anopheles species
found in PNG have been little studied and their bionomics are unknown; most appear to be uncommon
with limited distribution and their possible role in malaria transmission has yet to be determined.
Keyword Papua New Guinea
Malaria vectors
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Confirmed Code

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collections: 2010 Higher Education Research Data Collection
School of Biological Sciences Publications
Ecology Centre Publications
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Citation counts: TR Web of Science Citation Count  Cited 27 times in Thomson Reuters Web of Science Article | Citations
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Created: Thu, 12 Nov 2009, 12:03:11 EST by Mr Andrew Martlew on behalf of School of Biological Sciences