The effect of traumatic brain injury on drivers’ hazard perception

Preece, Megan H. W., Horswill, Mark S. and Geffen, Gina M. (2009). The effect of traumatic brain injury on drivers’ hazard perception. In: Brain Impairment. 32nd Brain Impairment Conference of the Australian Society for the Study of Brain Impairment, Sydney, NSW, Australia, (128-128). 7-9 May, 2009.

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Author Preece, Megan H. W.
Horswill, Mark S.
Geffen, Gina M.
Title of paper The effect of traumatic brain injury on drivers’ hazard perception
Conference name 32nd Brain Impairment Conference of the Australian Society for the Study of Brain Impairment
Conference location Sydney, NSW, Australia
Conference dates 7-9 May, 2009
Proceedings title Brain Impairment   Check publisher's open access policy
Place of Publication Bowen Hills, Qld., Australia
Publisher Published for the ASSBI by Australian Academic Press
Publication Year 2009
Year available 2009
ISSN 1443-9646
Volume 10
Issue 1
Start page 128
End page 128
Total pages 1
Language eng
Abstract/Summary Individuals recovering from traumatic brain injury (TBI) often experience perceptual, cognitive, and motor deficits that adversely affect their driving. However, many individuals with TBI return to driving, despite evidence that they are at increased risk. This study examined the effects of TBI on drivers’ hazard perception, i.e. the ability to search the road ahead and quickly identify potentially dangerous traffic situations. Slower hazard perception has been associated with higher crash rates (e.g. Quimby et al., 1986), but hazard perception has never been assessed after TBI. A convenience sample of adults recovering from mild, moderate and severe TBI was recruited from the rehabilitation unit of a tertiary level hospital. Uninjured controls were recruited from the community. Participants completed a hazard perception test, in which they viewed videos of genuine traffic scenes filmed from the driver’s perspective and indicated as soon as they detected a potential traffic hazard (mean response latency was the main dependent measure). Participants also completed a simple spatial reaction time task, a digit symbol substitution task and several measures related to pre- and post-injury functioning. Preliminary results indicate that individuals with TBI were significantly slower to detect traffic hazards than controls. The findings may signify the need for hazard perception testing or training post-TBI before return to driving.
Subjects 170101 Biological Psychology (Neuropsychology, Psychopharmacology, Physiological Psychology)
380103 Biological Psychology (Neuropsychology, Psychopharmacology, Physiological Psychology)
Keyword traumatic brain injury
head injury
driving
return-to-driving
drivers' hazard perception
Q-Index Code EX
Q-Index Status Provisional Code
Institutional Status Unknown
Additional Notes Abstracts of the 32nd Brain Impairment Conference, 7-9 May, 2009, Sydney Conference Theme: Life Changes after Brain Injury - Structure, Function, Participation

Document type: Conference Paper
Collection: School of Psychology Publications
 
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Created: Wed, 11 Nov 2009, 16:21:52 EST by Miss Megan Preece on behalf of School of Psychology