The politics and administration of the Queensland sugar industry

Shogren, Diana Eve (1980). The politics and administration of the Queensland sugar industry PhD Thesis, School of Political Science and International Studies, The University of Queensland.

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Author Shogren, Diana Eve
Thesis Title The politics and administration of the Queensland sugar industry
School, Centre or Institute School of Political Science and International Studies
Institution The University of Queensland
Publication date 1980
Thesis type PhD Thesis
Open Access Status File (Publisher version)
Total pages 413
Language eng
Subjects 070199 Agriculture, Land and Farm Management not elsewhere classified
Formatted abstract
The history of the Queensland sugar industry to 1930 falls naturally into a number of periods ending with particular events which proved to be turning points for the industry, and the first seven chapters of the thesis cover these periods seriatim: Chapter I, from the 1860s to Federation; Chapter II, from Federation through the establishment of the excise and bounty scheme and deportation of the Kanakas, to the establishment in 1907 of the first industry-wide interest group, the Australian Sugar Producers' Association; Chapter III, from 1908 to the 1911 strike, and the announcement of the establishment by the Commonwealth of a Royal Commission into the Sugar Industry; Chapter IV, the 1912 Royal Commission; Chapter V, from 1913 to mid-1915 when the Commonwealth took control of the industry as a wartime measure, in conjunction with which policy the Queensland Government passed the Sugar Acquisition Act 1915; Chapter VI, from the introduction of cane prices regulation under the Regulation of Sugar Cane Prices Act 1915, through the wartime cost-price squeeze to the 1918 State election; and Chapter VII, from the natural disasters of early 1918, through the period of decontrol by the Commonwealth culminating in the establishment of the Sugar Board in 1923, to the introduction of the Peak Year Scheme - twelve years during which the tentative bureaucratic solutions to industry problems devised in wartime were developed and refined.

In Chapters I to VII, developments in the industry proper are described and explained against the background of. relevant State and Commonwealth political history. Chapter VIII, "An Overview", examines the relevance of certain perspectives previously adopted by Australian political scientists and historians to explain or illuminate our past political development: pressure group theory and the development of farmer organisations; and colonial socialism and government interventionism, in the discussion of which a classification framework developed to describe government intervention in the rural sector in 1974 is adopted as a analytic aid. It is concluded that two factors peculiar to the sugar industry have largely determined the relevance of these perspectives to the history of the industry and the development of a bureaucratic solution to its political problems: one was the desire to defend Australia by peopling the north, for which sugar had special advantages; the other was the overriding importance of the time-sequence of operations between the harvesting of the farm product, cane, and its conversion to a storable, saleable commodity, raw sugar.
Keyword Sugar trade -- Queensland
Sugar -- Manufacture and refining -- Queensland
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Document type: Thesis
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