Adult Oral Health Programme: The Effect of Periodontal Treatment and the Use of a Triclosan Containing Toothpaste on Glycaemic Control in Diabetics

Ohnmar Tut (2009). Adult Oral Health Programme: The Effect of Periodontal Treatment and the Use of a Triclosan Containing Toothpaste on Glycaemic Control in Diabetics MPhil Thesis, School of Dentistry, The University of Queensland.

       
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Author Ohnmar Tut
Thesis Title Adult Oral Health Programme: The Effect of Periodontal Treatment and the Use of a Triclosan Containing Toothpaste on Glycaemic Control in Diabetics
School, Centre or Institute School of Dentistry
Institution The University of Queensland
Publication date 2009-03
Thesis type MPhil Thesis
Supervisor Professor G Seymour
Dr. Mary Cullinan
Total pages 89
Total colour pages 18
Total black and white pages 71
Subjects 11 Medical and Health Sciences
Abstract/Summary Adult Oral Health Programme: The Effect of Periodontal Treatment and the Use of a Triclosan Containing Toothpaste on Glycaemic Control in Diabetics Abstract Aim: The aim of the research study is to establish an adult oral health programme for diabetics in Majuro, Republic of the Marshall Islands in order to determine the impact of non-surgical periodontal treatment followed by the use of a triclosan containing dentifrice on the maintenance of periodontal health and glycaemic control in type 2 diabetic patients. Hypothesis: Non-surgical periodontal treatment results in improved periodontal health and better glycaemic control in diabetics and use of a triclosan containing toothpaste is effective in maintaining this improvement in diabetics. Methods: An adult oral health programme was created, within which was conducted a two-group randomised clinical trial to address the hypothesis that non-surgical periodontal treatment results in improved periodontal health and better glycaemic control in type 2 diabetics and that the use of a triclosan containing toothpaste is effective in maintaining this improvement in diabetics. In this double blind controlled trial, sixty adult patients (aged 35 to 65 years) with type 2 diabetes mellitus having a minimum of 16 teeth received non-surgical periodontal treatment. Half of the patients were randomly assigned to use a triclosan containing toothpaste, Colgate Total, and the other group a non-triclosan toothpaste, Colgate Fluoriguard. The study evaluated the improvement in periodontal health by recording Probing Pocket Depth (PPD) on 6 sites of each tooth, and the number of sites bleeding on probing (BOP) at baseline, and at 6 months and 12 months after treatment. The second part of the study evaluated the impact of improvement of periodontal health on glycaemic control in type 2 diabetics by measuring HbA1c and RBS, and also assessing the levels of C-Peptides and CRP at baseline, and at 6 months and 12 months after treatment. The study also evaluated the effectiveness of a triclosan containing toothpaste in maintaining the improvement in periodontal health after non-surgical periodontal treatment. Results: The results showed that it was feasible to establish an oral health programme for the diabetics and could improve their periodontal health, and that toothpaste containing triclosan is effective in maintaining the improved periodontal heath in type 2 diabetics. Mean PPD dropped from 2.35mm to 1.95mm in the triclosan group and from 2.49mm to 2.24 mm in the non-triclosan group and the mean number of BOP sites dropped from 4.9 to 2.8 in the triclosan group and from 4.7 to 3.2 in the fluoriguard at 12 month visits. However, the results did not show improvement of HbA1c nor RBS levels in either group. C-Peptide levels increased and C-Reactive Protein levels decreased in both groups, however, not to significant levels at 12 month visits. Conclusion: The results of this research study lead to the conclusion that treating periodontal infection has effect of periodontal health of type 2 diabetic patients and following-up with simple personal oral hygiene of regular tooth-brushing helps maintain their periodontal health. This programme also proved that this type of oral health programme is feasible and valuable for diabetics in isolated places like the Marshall Islands, where infrastructure, personnel and resources are limited to treat microvascular and macrovascular complications of diabetes. As for the effectiveness of treating periodontal infections on glycaemic control of diabetics, this study failed to support the hypothesis that non-surgical treatment plus triclosan containing toothpaste would lead to better glycaemic management through improved periodontal health.
Keyword Chronic periodontitis, type 2 diabetes mellitus, oral health, triclosan, non-surgical periodontal treatment
Additional Notes 38,45-47,51-53,56-58,61-63,66,67,76-78

 
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Created: Sat, 31 Oct 2009, 07:22:37 EST by Dr Ohnmar Tut on behalf of Library - Information Access Service