Chitosan-mediated crystallization and assembly of hydroxyapatite nanoparticles into hybrid nanostructured films

Kumar, R., Prakash, K. H., Cheang, P., Gower, L. and Khor, K. A. (2008) Chitosan-mediated crystallization and assembly of hydroxyapatite nanoparticles into hybrid nanostructured films. Journal of Royal Society Interface, 5 21: 427-439. doi:10.1098/rsif.2007.1141


Author Kumar, R.
Prakash, K. H.
Cheang, P.
Gower, L.
Khor, K. A.
Title Chitosan-mediated crystallization and assembly of hydroxyapatite nanoparticles into hybrid nanostructured films
Journal name Journal of Royal Society Interface   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 1742-5689
1742-5662
Publication date 2008-04-06
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1098/rsif.2007.1141
Volume 5
Issue 21
Start page 427
End page 439
Total pages 13
Place of publication London, United Kingdom
Publisher Royal Society
Language eng
Subject 0904 Chemical Engineering
Abstract The synthesis and subsequent assembly of nearly spherical nano-hydroxyapatite (nHA) particles in the presence of trace amounts of the polysaccharide chitosan was carried out employing a wet chemical approach. Chitosan addition during synthesis not only modulated HA crystallization but also aided in the assembly of nHA particles onto itself. Solvent extraction from these suspensions formed iridescent films, of which the bottom few layers were rich in self-assembled nHA particle arrays. The cross-section of these hybrid films revealed compositional and hence structural grading of the two phases and exhibited a unique morphology in which assembled nHA particles gradually gave way to chitosan-rich top layers. Transmission electron microscope and selected area electron diffraction studies suggested that the basal plane of HA had interacted with chitosan, and scanning electron microscope studies of the hybrid films revealed multi-length scale hierarchical architecture composed of HA and chitosan. Phase identification was carried out by X-ray diffraction (XRD) and Rietveld analysis of digitized XRD data showed that the basic apatite structure was preserved, but chitosan inclusion induced subtle changes to the HA unit cell. The refinement of crystallite shape using the Popa method clearly indicated a distinct change in the growth direction of HA crystallites from [001] to [100] with increasing chitosan concentration. The paper also discusses the likelihood of chitosan phosphorylation during synthesis, which we believe to be a pathway, by which chitosan molecules chemically interact with calcium phosphate precursor compounds and orchestrate the crystallization of nHA particles. Additionally, the paper suggests several interesting biomedical applications for graded nHA–chitosan nanostructured films.
Keyword crystallization
self-assembly
nanostructure
hydroxyapatite
hierarchical architecture
rietveld analysis
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Provisional Code

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collections: Excellence in Research Australia (ERA) - Collection
Australian Institute for Bioengineering and Nanotechnology Publications
 
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Created: Thu, 03 Sep 2009, 10:27:24 EST by Mr Andrew Martlew on behalf of Aust Institute for Bioengineering & Nanotechnology