Do written education materials that use content and design principles improve older people's knowledge?

McKenna, K. and Scott, J. (2007) Do written education materials that use content and design principles improve older people's knowledge?. Australian Occupational Therapy Journal, 54 2: 103-112. doi:10.1111/j.1440-1630.2006.00583.x


Author McKenna, K.
Scott, J.
Title Do written education materials that use content and design principles improve older people's knowledge?
Journal name Australian Occupational Therapy Journal   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 0045-0766
1440-1630
Publication date 2007-06
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1111/j.1440-1630.2006.00583.x
Volume 54
Issue 2
Start page 103
End page 112
Total pages 10
Place of publication Richmond, VIC., Australia
Publisher Blackwell Science
Language eng
Subject 11 Medical and Health Sciences
1103 Clinical Sciences
Abstract Background/Aim: Information may inform and empower clients to engage in their health care. Information can be provided in written form, but it is only effective if it can be read and understood by clients. This study examined whether the knowledge acquisition of participants aged 65 years and older improved more after reading leaflets revised according to content and design principles compared to the leaflets in their original form. Methods: Seven participant pairs (mean age was 74 years, 79% were women), matched according to reading ability, read either the original or the revised versions of four leaflets used by occupational therapists with older clients. Knowledge before and after reading the leaflets was measured using true/false tests developed for each leaflet. Results: After adjusting for differences in baseline knowledge scores, participants who read the revised leaflets acquired 55.3% more knowledge than those who read the original leaflets. All but one participant preferred the revised versions of the leaflets. Conclusions: Simply written and clearly presented written education materials may improve clients' understanding of the content. Further research is needed to determine if one or a combination of the content and design principles used to revise the leaflets is effective in increasing clients' knowledge.
Keyword Aged
Low literacy skills
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Provisional Code
Institutional Status Unknown

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collections: Excellence in Research Australia (ERA) - Collection
School of Health and Rehabilitation Sciences Publications
 
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Citation counts: TR Web of Science Citation Count  Cited 8 times in Thomson Reuters Web of Science Article | Citations
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Created: Thu, 03 Sep 2009, 10:18:36 EST by Mr Andrew Martlew on behalf of Faculty Of Health Sciences