Effects of lanthanum and cerium on the growth and mineral nutrition of corn and mungbean

Diatloff, Eugene, Smith, Frank W. and Asher, Colin J. (2008) Effects of lanthanum and cerium on the growth and mineral nutrition of corn and mungbean. Annals of Botany, 101 7: 971-982. doi:10.1093/aob/mcn021


Author Diatloff, Eugene
Smith, Frank W.
Asher, Colin J.
Title Effects of lanthanum and cerium on the growth and mineral nutrition of corn and mungbean
Journal name Annals of Botany   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 0305-7364
1095-8290
Publication date 2008-05
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1093/aob/mcn021
Volume 101
Issue 7
Start page 971
End page 982
Total pages 12
Place of publication Oxford, United Kingdom
Publisher Oxford University Press
Language eng
Formatted abstract
Background and Aims Plant growth responses to the rare earth elements lanthanum (La) and cerium (Ce) have been reported, but little is known about the effects of these two elements on plant mineral nutrition.
Methods Corn (Zea mays ‘Hycorn 82’) and mungbean (Vigna radiata ‘Berken’) were grown in continuous flowing nutrient solutions containing 0, 0·2, 1·0 and 5·0 µm La or Ce. At harvest plants were divided into roots and shoots, dried, weighed and analysed for macro- and micronutrients, as well as for La and Ce.
Key Results La and Ce did not increase the growth of corn or mungbean. The dry weight of corn shoots was decreased by 32 % in the presence of 5·0 µm Ce; the other La and Ce concentrations had no effect. La and Ce concentrations of 0·9 and 5·0 µm decreased the shoot dry weight of mungbean by 75 or 95 %, the two elements having closely similar effects. Decreases in the uptake of Ca, Na, Zn and Mn by corn were observed with increases in solution La and Ce. For mungbean, the uptake rates of all measured elements decreased with increases in solution La and Ce. The concentrations of La and Ce in the roots of both species were higher than in the shoots and increased strongly with increasing concentrations of La or Ce in solution. The La and Ce concentrations in mungbean shoots were always higher than in corn shoots.
Conclusions La and Ce did not enhance the growth of corn or mungbean, but decreased the growth, root function and consequently the nutritional status of mungbean at concentrations >0·2 µm in solution. It is concluded that if La or Ce have positive effects on corn and mungbean growth, they can only occur at solution concentrations below 0·2 µm.
Keyword Cerium
Corn
Zea mays
Lanthanum
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Provisional Code
Institutional Status UQ

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collection: School of Agriculture and Food Sciences
 
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Created: Thu, 03 Sep 2009, 10:09:27 EST by Mr Andrew Martlew on behalf of School of Agriculture and Food Sciences