All snoring is not adenoids in young children

Liukkonen, Katja, Virkkula, Paula, Aronen, Eeva T., Kirjavainen, Turkka and Pitkaranta, Anne (2008) All snoring is not adenoids in young children. International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology, 72 6: 879-884. doi:10.1016/j.ijporl.2008.02.018

Author Liukkonen, Katja
Virkkula, Paula
Aronen, Eeva T.
Kirjavainen, Turkka
Pitkaranta, Anne
Title All snoring is not adenoids in young children
Journal name International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 0165-5876
Publication date 2008-06
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1016/j.ijporl.2008.02.018
Volume 72
Issue 6
Start page 879
End page 884
Total pages 6
Place of publication Amsterdam, Netherlands
Publisher Elsevier BV
Language eng
Formatted abstract
Objective: To determine the prevalence of snoring in young children and to assess age, growth, previous surgery therapy, respiratory problems and sleep-related symptoms in relation to child's snoring, and to evaluate the relationship between child's snoring and parents’ snoring and smoking.
Children and methods: A cross-sectional study evaluated 2100 children 1–6 years of age in Helsinki, Finland. Child's frequency of snoring on a five-point scale (never to every night) and age, height, weight and body mass index, previous adenotonsillectomies, tympanostomies, allergic rhinitis and respiratory infections were determined as was frequency of parental snoring and smoking. Sleep problems were determined based on Finnish or Swedish modified version of the sleep disturbance scale for Children.
Results: Of the 2100 eligible children, 1471 (71%) returned questionnaires. Children always or often snoring numbered 92 (6.3%), sometimes snoring, 183 (12.4%), and never or occasionally snoring, 1196 (81.3%). No difference in age (p = 0.06) or gender (p = 0.39) existed between snorers and non-snorers. History of previous adenotonsillectomies (p < 0.001), allergic rhinitis (p < 0.001), recurrent respiratory infections (p < 0.001), and otitis media (p < 0.001) were more common among snorers than among occasional or never-snorers. Nocturnal symptoms such as breathing problems, sleep hyperhydrosis, sleep-wake transition disorders, and daytime somnolence were associated with children's snoring. Frequency of children's snoring was also associated with parental snoring (p < 0.001) and smoking (p < 0.001).
Conclusions: Snoring is common among young children and is associated with previous adenotonsillectomy, allergic rhinitis, respiratory infections, nocturnal symptoms, and parents’ snoring and smoking. The high prevalence of snoring among children with adenotonsillectomy raises the question whether adenotonsillectomy alone is adequate treatment for snoring in young children.
Keyword Snoring
Risk factors
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Provisional Code
Institutional Status Non-UQ

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collection: School of Medicine Publications
Version Filter Type
Citation counts: TR Web of Science Citation Count  Cited 16 times in Thomson Reuters Web of Science Article | Citations
Scopus Citation Count Cited 19 times in Scopus Article | Citations
Google Scholar Search Google Scholar
Created: Thu, 03 Sep 2009, 09:59:44 EST by Mr Andrew Martlew on behalf of School of Medicine