Age and biostratigraphic significance of the Punung Rainforest Fauna, East Java, Indonesia, and implications for Pongo and Homo

Westaway, K. E., Morwood, M. J., Roberts, R. G., Rokus, A. D., Zhao, J. X., Storm, P., Aziz, F., van den Bergh, G., Hadi, P., Jatmiko and de Vos, J. (2007) Age and biostratigraphic significance of the Punung Rainforest Fauna, East Java, Indonesia, and implications for Pongo and Homo. Journal of Human Evolution, 53 6: 709-717.


Author Westaway, K. E.
Morwood, M. J.
Roberts, R. G.
Rokus, A. D.
Zhao, J. X.
Storm, P.
Aziz, F.
van den Bergh, G.
Hadi, P.
Jatmiko
de Vos, J.
Title Age and biostratigraphic significance of the Punung Rainforest Fauna, East Java, Indonesia, and implications for Pongo and Homo
Journal name Journal of Human Evolution   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 0047-2484
1095-8606
Publication date 2007-12
Year available 2007
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1016/j.jhevol.2007.06.002
Volume 53
Issue 6
Start page 709
End page 717
Total pages 9
Place of publication London ; New York
Publisher Academic Press
Language eng
Subject 06 Biological Sciences
0603 Evolutionary Biology
04 Earth Sciences
0403 Geology
Abstract The Punung Fauna is a key component in the biostratigraphic sequence of Java. It represents the most significant faunal turnover on the island in the last 1.5 million years, when Stegodon and other archaic mammal species characteristic of earlier Faunal stages were replaced by a fully modern fauna that included rainforest-dependent species such as Pongo pygmaeus (orangutan). Here, we report the first numerical ages for the Punung Fauna obtained by luminescence and uranium-series dating of the fossil-bearing deposits and associated flowstones. The Punung Fauna contained in the dated breccia is of early Last Interglacial age (between 128 ± 15 and 118 ± 3 ka). This result has implications for the age of the preceding Ngandong Fauna, including Homo erectus remains found in the Ngandong Terrace, and for the timing of Homo sapiens arrival in Southeast Asia, in view of claims for a modern human tooth associated with the Punung breccia.
Keyword Cave breccia
Deep-sea Sediments
Faunal turnover
Geochronology
Human evolution
Paleoenvironmental change
Q-Index Code C1

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collections: Excellence in Research Australia (ERA) - Collection
Centre for Microscopy and Microanalysis Publications
 
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