Contact angle and bubble attachment studies in the flotation of trona and other soluble carbonate salts

Ozdemir, O., Karaguzel, C., Nguyen, A. V., Celik, M. S. and Miller, J. D. (2009) Contact angle and bubble attachment studies in the flotation of trona and other soluble carbonate salts. Minerals Engineering, 22 2: 168-175. doi:10.1016/j.mineng.2008.06.001

Author Ozdemir, O.
Karaguzel, C.
Nguyen, A. V.
Celik, M. S.
Miller, J. D.
Title Contact angle and bubble attachment studies in the flotation of trona and other soluble carbonate salts
Journal name Minerals Engineering   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 0892-6875
Publication date 2009-01
Year available 2008
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1016/j.mineng.2008.06.001
Volume 22
Issue 2
Start page 168
End page 175
Total pages 8
Editor B. A. Wills
Place of publication Oxford, United Kingdom
Publisher Pergamon Press
Language eng
Subject 091404 Mineral Processing/Beneficiation
Formatted abstract
Trona, Na2CO3 · NaHCO3 · 2H2O, is mined as the primary source for sodium carbonate production in the United States. Recent studies have shown that the flotation method can be used for pre-processing of trona ore to remove insoluble mineral contaminants for the production of soda ash (sodium carbonate). Studies with carbonate salts suggest that certain important factors can affect their flotation response, including viscosity of the brine and interfacial water structure. Flotation studies showed that contrary to the strong flotation of NaHCO3 with both anionic and cationic collectors, Na2CO3 does not float at all. Based on the analysis of interfacial water structure in saturated brines, Na2CO3 was found to act as a strong water structure maker, whereas NaHCO3 acts as a weak water structure maker. Bubble attachment time measurements suggest that collector adsorption at the surface of NaHCO3 induces flotation; this is not the case for Na2CO3. Contact angle measurements indicated that the surface of Na2CO3 is hydrated to a great extent, whereas the NaHCO3 salt surface is less hydrated. These results reveal that there is a strong relationship between the interfacial water structure and the contact angle of these salts. The less stable NaHCO3 surface is ascribed to the interfacial water structure which allows for NaHCO3 flotation with both anionic and cationic collectors.
Copyright © 2008 Elsevier Ltd All rights reserved.

Keyword Industrial minerals
Froth flotation
Thin-layer wicking method
Bubble attachment time
Thin-layer wicking
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Provisional Code
Additional Notes Available online 18 July 2008.

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collections: Excellence in Research Australia (ERA) - Collection
School of Chemical Engineering Publications
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Citation counts: TR Web of Science Citation Count  Cited 13 times in Thomson Reuters Web of Science Article | Citations
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Created: Thu, 03 Sep 2009, 08:40:07 EST by Mr Andrew Martlew on behalf of Research Management Office