A Reassessment of Suicide Measurement Some Comparative PYLL-Based Trends in Queensland, Australia, 1920-2005

Doessel, DP, Williams, RFG and Whiteford, H (2009) A Reassessment of Suicide Measurement Some Comparative PYLL-Based Trends in Queensland, Australia, 1920-2005. Crisis, 30 1: 6-12. doi:10.1027/0227-5910.30.1.6


Author Doessel, DP
Williams, RFG
Whiteford, H
Title A Reassessment of Suicide Measurement Some Comparative PYLL-Based Trends in Queensland, Australia, 1920-2005
Journal name Crisis   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 0227-5910
Publication date 2009
Year available 2009
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1027/0227-5910.30.1.6
Open Access Status
Volume 30
Issue 1
Start page 6
End page 12
Total pages 7
Editor Annette.L. Beautrais
Place of publication United States
Publisher Hogrefe Publishing Corp.
Collection year 2010
Language eng
Subject C1
920410 Mental Health
170199 Psychology not elsewhere classified
Formatted abstract
Background. Concern with suicide measurement is a positive, albeit relatively recent, development. A concern with "the social loss from suicide" requires careful attention to appropriately measuring the phenomenon. This paper applies two different methods of measuring suicide data: the conventional age-standardized suicide (count) rate; and the alternative rate, the potential years of life lost (PYLL) rate. Aims. The purpose of applying these two measures is to place suicide in Queensland in a historical and comparative (relative to other causes of death) perspective.
Methods. Both measures are applied to suicide data for Queensland since 1920. These measures are applied also to two "largish" causes of death and two "smaller" causes of death, i.e., circulatory diseases, cancers, motor vehicle accidents, suicide.
Results. The two measures generate quite different pictures of suicide in Queensland: Using the PYLL measure, suicide is a quantitatively larger issue than is indicated by the count measure. Conclusions. The PYLL measure is the more appropriate measure for evaluation exercise of public health prevention strategies. This is because the PYLL measure is weighted by years of life lost and, thus, it incorporates more information than the count measure which implicitly weights each death with a somewhat partial value, viz. unity. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2010 APA, all rights reserved)

Keyword suicide
LIFE LOST
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Confirmed Code

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collections: 2010 Higher Education Research Data Collection
School of Public Health Publications
 
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Created: Thu, 03 Sep 2009, 08:32:03 EST by Mr Andrew Martlew on behalf of School of Public Health