Diagnostic value of rectal temperature of African cattle of variable coat colour infected with trypanosomes and tick-borne infections

Magona, J.W., Walubengo, J., Olaho-Mukani, W., Jonsson, N.N. and Eisler, M.C. (2009) Diagnostic value of rectal temperature of African cattle of variable coat colour infected with trypanosomes and tick-borne infections. Veterinary Parasitology, 160 3-4: 301-305. doi:10.1016/j.vetpar.2008.11.020


Author Magona, J.W.
Walubengo, J.
Olaho-Mukani, W.
Jonsson, N.N.
Eisler, M.C.
Title Diagnostic value of rectal temperature of African cattle of variable coat colour infected with trypanosomes and tick-borne infections
Journal name Veterinary Parasitology   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 0304-4017
Publication date 2009-03
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1016/j.vetpar.2008.11.020
Volume 160
Issue 3-4
Start page 301
End page 305
Total pages 5
Place of publication Netherlands
Publisher Elsevier BV
Language eng
Abstract Diagnosis of major endemic bovine parasitic diseases in sub-Saharan Africa such as trypanosomosis, theileriosis, anaplasmosis, babesiosis and cowdriosis is increasingly relying on clinical diagnosis due to deterioration of veterinary services and laboratory facilities. Pyrexia is a common clinical feature of aforementioned diseases whose detection relies on measurement of rectal temperature. The research undertaken in this study was aimed at assessing the effects of diurnal changes and variable coat colour of indigenous Nkedi Zebu cattle on the diagnostic value of rectal temperature under tropical conditions. The results revealed that variation in rectal temperature was significantly influenced by time of day it was taken and by the coat colour of the Nkedi Zebu cattle (P < 0.001). Rectal temperature experienced diurnal changes: steadily rising to reach a peak at 17.00 h before declining. The mean rectal temperature of unhealthy cattle was significantly higher (P < 0.05) than that of the healthy ones only between 13.00 and 17.00 h of the day. During which period the proportion of unhealthy cattle having a rectal temperature of 39.4 °C or higher was significantly higher than that of healthy ones (P < 0.001). Regarding the variable coat colour of indigenous breeds, rectal temperature among cattle of different coat colours was significantly different (P < 0.05). In conclusion it is important to consider diurnal changes in rectal temperature and differences due to variable coat colour of indigenous African breeds when measuring rectal temperature for assessing pyrexia, during clinical diagnosis of bovine trypanosomosis and tick-borne diseases that are endemic in many countries in sub-Saharan Africa.
Keyword Cattle
Coat colour
Diagnostic value
Diurnal variations
Pyrexia
Rectal temperature
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Provisional Code
Institutional Status UQ

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collection: School of Veterinary Science Publications
 
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Created: Thu, 03 Sep 2009, 08:26:14 EST by Mr Andrew Martlew on behalf of School of Veterinary Science