The dimensional structure of benefit finding in multiple sclerosis and relations with positive and negative adjustment: A longitudinal study

Pakenham, Kenneth I. and Cox, Stephen (2009) The dimensional structure of benefit finding in multiple sclerosis and relations with positive and negative adjustment: A longitudinal study. Psychology and Health, 24 4: 373-393. doi:10.1080/08870440701832592


Author Pakenham, Kenneth I.
Cox, Stephen
Title The dimensional structure of benefit finding in multiple sclerosis and relations with positive and negative adjustment: A longitudinal study
Journal name Psychology and Health   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 0887-0446
Publication date 2009-04
Year available 2009
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1080/08870440701832592
Volume 24
Issue 4
Start page 373
End page 393
Total pages 21
Editor Lucy Yardley
Rona Moss-Morris
Place of publication United Kingdom
Publisher Routledge
Collection year 2010
Language eng
Subject 170106 Health, Clinical and Counselling Psychology
970117 Expanding Knowledge in Psychology and Cognitive Sciences
920401 Behaviour and Health
C1
Abstract Benefit finding is a meaning making construct that has been shown to be related to adjustment in people with MS and their carers. This study investigated the dimensions, stability and potency of benefit finding in predicting adjustment overa 12 month interval using a newly developed Benefit Finding in Multiple Sclerosis Scale (BFiMSS). Usable data from 288 persons with MS and 232 carers was obtained from questionnaires completed at Time 1 and 12 months later (Time 2). Factor analysis of the BFiMSS revealed seven psychometrically sound factors: Compassion/Empathy, Spiritual Growth, Mindfulness, Family Relations Growth, Lifestyle Gains, Personal Growth, New Opportunities. BFiMSS total and factors showed satisfactory internal and retest reliability coefficients, and convergent, criterion and external validity. Results of regression analyses indicated that the Time 1 BFiMSS factors accounted for significant amounts of variance in each of the Time 2 adjustment outcomes (positive states of mind, positive affect, anxiety, depression) after controlling for Time 1 adjustment, and relevant demographic and illness variables. Findings delineate the dimensional structure of benefit finding in MS, the differential links between benefit finding dimensions and adjustment and the temporal unfolding of benefit finding in chronic illness.
Keyword benefit finding
quality of life
meaning
multiple sclerosis
chronic illness
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Confirmed Code

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collections: 2010 Higher Education Research Data Collection
School of Psychology Publications
 
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Citation counts: TR Web of Science Citation Count  Cited 18 times in Thomson Reuters Web of Science Article | Citations
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Created: Thu, 03 Sep 2009, 08:15:19 EST by Mr Andrew Martlew on behalf of School of Psychology