A protocol for measuring the direct effect of cycling on neuromuscular control of running in triathletes

Chapman, A. R., Vicenzino, B., Hodges, P. W., Blanch, P., Hahn, A. G. and Milner, T. E. (2009) A protocol for measuring the direct effect of cycling on neuromuscular control of running in triathletes. Journal of Sports Sciences, 27 7: 767-782. doi:10.1080/02640410902859100


Author Chapman, A. R.
Vicenzino, B.
Hodges, P. W.
Blanch, P.
Hahn, A. G.
Milner, T. E.
Title A protocol for measuring the direct effect of cycling on neuromuscular control of running in triathletes
Journal name Journal of Sports Sciences   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 0264-0414
1466-447X
Publication date 2009-05
Year available 2009
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1080/02640410902859100
Volume 27
Issue 7
Start page 767
End page 782
Total pages 16
Editor Nevill, A.
Place of publication London, United Kingdom
Publisher Routledge
Collection year 2010
Language eng
Subject 110699 Human Movement and Sports Science not elsewhere classified
920201 Allied Health Therapies (excl. Mental Health Services)
C1
110601 Biomechanics
110317 Physiotherapy
110603 Motor Control
Abstract The direct effects of cycling on movement and muscle recruitment patterns (neuromuscular control) during running are unknown but critical to success in triathlon. We outline and test a new protocol for investigating the direct influence of cycling on neuromuscular control during running. Leg movement (three-dimensional kinematics) and muscle recruitment (surface electromyography, EMG) were compared between a control run (no prior exercise) and a 30-min transition run that was preceded by 20 min of cycling. We conducted three experiments investigating: (a) the repeatability (between-day reliability) of the protocol; (b) the ability of the protocol to investigate, in highly trained national or international triathletes, the direct influence of cycling on neuromuscular control during running independent of neuromuscular fatigue; and (c) the ability of the protocol to provide a control, or baseline, measure of neuromuscular control (determined using a measure of stability) without causing fatigue. Kinematic and EMG measures of neuromuscular control during running showed moderate to high repeatability: mean coefficients of multiple correlation for repeatability of EMG and kinematics were 0.816 ± 0.014 and 0.911 ± 0.031, respectively. The protocol provided a robust baseline measure of neuromuscular control during running without causing neuromuscular fatigue (coefficients of multiple correlation for stability of EMG and kinematics were 0.827 ± 0.023 and 0.862 ± 0.054), while EMG and force data provided no evidence of fatigue. The protocol outlined here is repeatable and can be used to measure any direct influence of cycling on neuromuscular control during running.
Keyword electromyography
three-dimensional kinematics
triathlon
neuromuscular coordination
transition
interference
leg muscle recruitment
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Confirmed Code

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collections: 2010 Higher Education Research Data Collection
School of Health and Rehabilitation Sciences Publications
 
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