Ion transport resistance in Microbial Electrolysis Cells with anion and cation exchange membranes

Sleutels, Tom H.J.A., Hamelers, Hubertus V.M., Rozendal, Rene A. and Buisman, Cees J.N. (2009) Ion transport resistance in Microbial Electrolysis Cells with anion and cation exchange membranes. International Journal of Hydrogen Energy, 34 9: 3612-3620. doi:10.1016/j.ijhydene.2009.03.004


Author Sleutels, Tom H.J.A.
Hamelers, Hubertus V.M.
Rozendal, Rene A.
Buisman, Cees J.N.
Title Ion transport resistance in Microbial Electrolysis Cells with anion and cation exchange membranes
Journal name International Journal of Hydrogen Energy   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 0360-3199
Publication date 2009-05
Year available 2009
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1016/j.ijhydene.2009.03.004
Volume 34
Issue 9
Start page 3612
End page 3620
Total pages 9
Editor T. Nejat Veziroglu
Place of publication United Kingdom
Publisher Pergamon
Collection year 2010
Language eng
Subject C1
Abstract Previous studies have shown that Microbial Electrolysis Cells (MECs) perform better when an anion exchange membrane (AEM) than when a cation exchange membrane (CEM) separates the electrode chambers. Here, we have further studied this phenomenon by comparing two analysis methods for bio-electrochemical systems, based on potential losses and partial system resistances. Our study reconfirmed the large difference in performance between the AEM configuration (2.1 m3 H2 m−3 d−1) and CEM configuration (0.4 m3 H2 m−3 d−1) at 1 V. This better performance was caused mainly by the much lower internal resistance of the AEM configuration (192 mΩ m2) compared to the CEM configuration (435 mΩ m2). This lower internal resistance could be attributed to the lower transport resistance of ions through the AEM compared to the CEM caused by the properties of both membranes. By analyzing the changes in resistances the limitations in an MEC can be identified which can lead to improved cell design and higher hydrogen production rates.
Keyword MEC
FUEL-CELLS
Ion exchange membrane
MFC
Internal resistance
hydrogen
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Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Confirmed Code
Additional Notes Available online 1/4/09

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collections: 2010 Higher Education Research Data Collection
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Created: Thu, 03 Sep 2009, 08:00:17 EST by Mr Andrew Martlew on behalf of Advanced Water Management Centre