Personality, health, and coping: A cross-national study

Wong, Shyh Shin, Lee, Boon Ooi, Ang, Rebecca P., Oei, Tian P. S. and Ng, Aik Kwang (2009) Personality, health, and coping: A cross-national study. Cross-Cultural Research, 43 3: 251-279. doi:10.1177/1069397109335729


Author Wong, Shyh Shin
Lee, Boon Ooi
Ang, Rebecca P.
Oei, Tian P. S.
Ng, Aik Kwang
Title Personality, health, and coping: A cross-national study
Journal name Cross-Cultural Research   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 1069-3971
1552-3578
Publication date 2009-08
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1177/1069397109335729
Volume 43
Issue 3
Start page 251
End page 279
Total pages 29
Place of publication Thousand Oaks, CA, United States
Publisher Sage Publications
Language eng
Abstract This study explored group and relational differences in personality, health, and coping across 189 Australian students and 243 Singaporean students. Life Orientation Test—Revised showed a one-factor structure for Australians but a two-factor structure for Singaporeans. Australians tended to be more agreeable, more conscientious, more optimistic, more satisfied with their lives, while Singaporeans tended to be more neurotic and more pessimistic. Singaporeans tended to utilize less frequent adaptive and maladaptive coping strategies. Neuroticism was a significant predictor for state-trait anxiety and stress, while unipolar optimism was a significant predictor for life satisfaction and unipolar pessimism was a significant predictor for trait anxiety for both samples. Bipolar optimism was a significant predictor for trait anxiety and life satisfaction for both samples whereas it was a significant predictor for state anxiety for the Singaporean sample. Optimists, pessimists, and neurotics in both samples tended to use different coping strategies. Limitations and implications are discussed.
Keyword Extraversion
Agreeableness
Conscientiousness
Neuroticism
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Provisional Code
Institutional Status UQ

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collection: School of Psychology Publications
 
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Created: Thu, 03 Sep 2009, 07:51:25 EST by Mr Andrew Martlew on behalf of School of Psychology