Understanding the mechanisms behind coking pressure: Relationship to pore structure

Duffy John J., Castro Diaz, M., Snape, Colin E., Steel, Karen M. and Mahoney, Merrick R. (2007) Understanding the mechanisms behind coking pressure: Relationship to pore structure. Fuel, 86 14: 2167-2178. doi:10.1016/j.fuel.2007.03.040


Author Duffy John J.
Castro Diaz, M.
Snape, Colin E.
Steel, Karen M.
Mahoney, Merrick R.
Title Understanding the mechanisms behind coking pressure: Relationship to pore structure
Journal name Fuel   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 0016-2361
1873-7153
Publication date 2007-09
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1016/j.fuel.2007.03.040
Volume 86
Issue 14
Start page 2167
End page 2178
Total pages 12
Place of publication Oxford, United Kingdom
Publisher Elsevier
Language eng
Abstract During carbonisation coal undergoes both physical and chemical changes that result in the generation of gas and tar and the formation of an intermediate plastic state. This transformation is known to generate high internal gas pressures for some coals during carbonisation that translate to high pressures at the oven wall. In this study, three low volatile coals A, B and C with oven wall pressures of 100 kPa, 60 kPa and 20 kPa respectively were investigated using high-temperature rheometry, H-1 NMR, thermogravimetric analysis and SEM, with the primary aim to better understand the mechanisms behind the coking pressure phenomenon. Rheometer plate displacement measurements (Delta L) have shown differences in the expansion and contraction behaviour of the three coals, which seem to correlate with changes in rheological properties; while SEM images have shown that the expansion process coincides with development of pore structure. It is considered that the point of maximum plate height (Delta L-max) prior to contraction may be indicative of a cell opening or pore network forming process, based on analogies with other foam systems. Such a process may be considered important for coking pressure since it provides a potential mechanism for volatile escape, relieving internal gas pressure and inducing charge contraction. For coal C, which has the highest fluidity Delta L-max occurs quite early in the softening process and consequently a large degree of contraction is observed; while for the lower fluidity coal B, the process is delayed since pore development and consequently wall thinning progress at a slower rate. When Delta L-max is attained, a lower degree of contraction is observed because the event occurs closer to resolidification where the increasing viscosity/elasticity can stabilise the expanded pore structure. For coal A which is relatively high fluidity, but also high coking pressure, a greater degree of swelling is observed prior to cell rupture, which may be due to greater fluid elasticity during the expansion process. This excessive expansion is considered to be a potential reason for its high coking pressure.
Keyword Coke
Coal
Viscoelastic
Rheometry
Coking Pressure
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Provisional Code
Institutional Status Non-UQ

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collections: Faculty of Engineering, Architecture and Information Technology Publications
School of Chemical Engineering Publications
 
Versions
Version Filter Type
Citation counts: TR Web of Science Citation Count  Cited 15 times in Thomson Reuters Web of Science Article | Citations
Scopus Citation Count Cited 18 times in Scopus Article | Citations
Google Scholar Search Google Scholar
Created: Fri, 10 Jul 2009, 16:15:11 EST by Dr Karen Steel on behalf of School of Chemical Engineering