Phylogenetic biome conservatism on a global scale

Crisp, Michael D., Arroyo, Mary T. K., Cook, Lyn G., Gandalfo, Maria A., Jordan, Gregory J., McGlone, Matt S., Weston, Peter H., Westoby, Mark, Wilf, Peter and Linder, H. Peter (2009) Phylogenetic biome conservatism on a global scale. Nature, 458 7239: 754-756. doi:10.1038/nature07764

Author Crisp, Michael D.
Arroyo, Mary T. K.
Cook, Lyn G.
Gandalfo, Maria A.
Jordan, Gregory J.
McGlone, Matt S.
Weston, Peter H.
Westoby, Mark
Wilf, Peter
Linder, H. Peter
Title Phylogenetic biome conservatism on a global scale
Journal name Nature   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 0028-0836
Publication date 2009-02
Year available 2009
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1038/nature07764
Volume 458
Issue 7239
Start page 754
End page 756
Total pages 3
Editor Dr. Philip Campbell
Nick Campbell
Place of publication United Kingdom
Publisher Nature Publishing Group
Collection year 2010
Language eng
Subject 06 Biological Sciences
970106 Expanding Knowledge in the Biological Sciences
060302 Biogeography and Phylogeography
Formatted abstract
How and why organisms are distributed as they are has long intrigued evolutionary biologists1, 2, 3, 4. The tendency for species to retain their ancestral ecology has been demonstrated in distributions on local and regional scales5, 6, 7, but the extent of ecological conservatism over tens of millions of years and across continents has not been assessed8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13. Here we show that biome stasis at speciation has outweighed biome shifts by a ratio of more than 25:1, by inferring ancestral biomes for an ecologically diverse sample of more than 11,000 plant species from around the Southern Hemisphere. Stasis was also prevalent in transocean colonizations. Availability of a suitable biome could have substantially influenced which lineages establish on more than one landmass, in addition to the influence of the rarity of the dispersal events themselves. Conversely, the taxonomic composition of biomes has probably been strongly influenced by the rarity of species' transitions between biomes. This study has implications for the future because if clades have inherently limited capacity to shift biomes13, then their evolutionary potential could be strongly compromised by biome contraction as climate changes.
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Confirmed Code

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collections: 2010 Higher Education Research Data Collection
School of Biological Sciences Publications
Ecology Centre Publications
Version Filter Type
Citation counts: TR Web of Science Citation Count  Cited 276 times in Thomson Reuters Web of Science Article | Citations
Scopus Citation Count Cited 284 times in Scopus Article | Citations
Google Scholar Search Google Scholar
Created: Thu, 09 Jul 2009, 14:35:56 EST by Gail Walter on behalf of School of Biological Sciences