Effects of lifestyle intervention on physical activity in type 2 diabetes

Hordern, M., Marwick, T., Burton, N., Brown, W. and Coombes, J. (2008). Effects of lifestyle intervention on physical activity in type 2 diabetes. In: J. Cook, Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport : ASICS Conference of science and medicine in sport 2008. ASICS Conference of science and medicine in sport 2008, Hamilton Island, QLD, Australia, (S55-S56). 16-18 October, 2008.


Author Hordern, M.
Marwick, T.
Burton, N.
Brown, W.
Coombes, J.
Title of paper Effects of lifestyle intervention on physical activity in type 2 diabetes
Conference name ASICS Conference of science and medicine in sport 2008
Conference location Hamilton Island, QLD, Australia
Conference dates 16-18 October, 2008
Proceedings title Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport : ASICS Conference of science and medicine in sport 2008   Check publisher's open access policy
Place of Publication Amsterdam, The Netherlands
Publisher Elsevier
Publication Year 2008
ISSN 1440-2440
Editor J. Cook
Volume 12
Issue Suppl. 1
Start page S55
End page S56
Total pages 2
Language eng
Formatted Abstract/Summary
Objective:
Strategies to increase physical activity levels in patients with type 2 diabetes (T2DM) are needed. The aims of this study were to assess the effects of a gym-based foil owed by home-based intervention on physical activity levels and determine the barriers to exercise in T2DM patients.

Methods:
A randomized controlled trial was conducted in 176 patients with type 2 diabetes. Patients randomised to lifestyle intervention (L I, n = 88) completed a four-week supervised gym-based training period (stage 1) followed by 11 months of home-based training using telephone exercise counselling (stage 2). Items from the Active Australia Survey were used to quantify physical activity levels at baseline, and after both stages. General linear modeling using three-way repeated measures ANOVA was performed to assess group and time effects in minutes of activity.

Results:

The intervention was effective in increasing time spent in vigorous-intensity activity over the 1-year period compared to controls (p < 0.01), which was primarily a result of a significant (p < 0.05) increase during the gym-based stage (30.6 ± 155.1 min). During the home-based stage there was a significant increase in moderate-intensity activity within the intervention group (16.9 ± 175.4 min). Barriers to exercise during this period included being sick or injured (46.5%), depressed (12%), too busy (8.4%) and on holidays (6.7%).

Conclusion:
The intervention group spent more time in increasing vigorous-intensity activity than controls. The gym-based stage increased time spent in vigorous-intensity activity and the home-based stage increased time spent in moderate-intensity activity. More attention to illness and injury barriers may be needed in this population.


Subjects EX
110602 Exercise Physiology
920104 Diabetes
920205 Health Education and Promotion
1106 Human Movement and Sports Science
1103 Clinical Sciences
Q-Index Code EX
Q-Index Status Provisional Code

 
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Created: Sun, 21 Jun 2009, 17:44:59 EST by Deborah Noon on behalf of School of Human Movement and Nutrition Sciences