Prevalence of obesity and metabolic syndrome in Indigenous Australian youths

Valery, PC, Moloney, A, Cotterill, A, Harris, M, Sinha, AK and Green, AC (2009) Prevalence of obesity and metabolic syndrome in Indigenous Australian youths. Obesity Reviews, 10 3: 255-261. doi:10.1111/j.1467-789X.2008.00545.x


Author Valery, PC
Moloney, A
Cotterill, A
Harris, M
Sinha, AK
Green, AC
Title Prevalence of obesity and metabolic syndrome in Indigenous Australian youths
Journal name Obesity Reviews   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 1467-7881
Publication date 2009-05
Year available 2008
Sub-type Critical review of research, literature review, critical commentary
DOI 10.1111/j.1467-789X.2008.00545.x
Volume 10
Issue 3
Start page 255
End page 261
Total pages 7
Place of publication United Kingdom
Publisher Wiley-Blackwell Publishing Ltd.
Collection year 2009
Language eng
Subject C1
111701 Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Health
1117 Public Health and Health Services
1111 Nutrition and Dietetics
Abstract We conducted a cross-sectional study of Indigenous youths residing in the Torres Strait region of Australia to assess the prevalence of obesity and the metabolic syndrome. Data on body mass index (BMI), waist circumference, blood pressure, presence of acanthosis nigricans and blood glucose were collected. Fasting glucose, insulin, C-Peptide, HbA1c and lipids were measured, and an oral glucose tolerance test was performed in those with a BMI greater than 25 (childhood-equivalent cut-points) or fasting glucometer reading >5.5 mmol/L. Of 158 youths, 31% were overweight and 15% were obese, 38% had enlarged waist circumference consistent with central obesity, 43% had acanthosis nigricans and 27% were hypertensive. More females than males had enlarged waist circumferences (59% vs. 13%, P < 0.001). Among overweight or obese youth, 56% had significantly elevated insulin (P = 0.021); they also had higher HOMA-IR (P = 0.002). The metabolic syndrome was present in 17% of all youths (mostly females) and in 33% of the overweight or obese subgroup. Type 2 diabetes was diagnosed in two youths. These very high proportions of overweight or obese Torres Strait youth with metabolic risk factors have major public health implications.
Keyword Australia
Indigenous
metabolic syndrome
obesity
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Confirmed Code
Additional Notes E-publication December 2008, hardcopy May 2009

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Critical review of research, literature review, critical commentary
Collections: 2009 Higher Education Research Data Collection
Australian Centre for International & Tropical Health
 
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Created: Mon, 15 Jun 2009, 13:37:17 EST by Cameron Harris on behalf of Research Management Office