Behaviour and quality of life at school age of children who had bronchopulmonary dysplasia

Gray, Peter H., O'Callaghan, Michael and Poulsen, Leith (2008) Behaviour and quality of life at school age of children who had bronchopulmonary dysplasia. Early Human Development, 84 1: 1-8. doi:10.1016/j.earlhumdev.2007.01.009


Author Gray, Peter H.
O'Callaghan, Michael
Poulsen, Leith
Title Behaviour and quality of life at school age of children who had bronchopulmonary dysplasia
Journal name Early Human Development   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 0378-3782
1872-6232
Publication date 2008-01
Year available 2007
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1016/j.earlhumdev.2007.01.009
Open Access Status
Volume 84
Issue 1
Start page 1
End page 8
Total pages 8
Editor E. Maalouf
Place of publication Ireland
Publisher Elsevier Ireland
Collection year 2009
Language eng
Subject 321019 Paediatrics
321027 Respiratory Diseases
730204 Child health
Formatted abstract
Background:  There is little information available concerning behavioural and functional health problems in children who had bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD).

Aim: 
To compare behavioural problems and quality of life in a cohort of children at school age who had BPD with preterm and term controls.

Methods: 
The cohort of 78 BPD children of 26 to 33 weeks' gestation was matched for birth weight with preterm controls. At school age follow-up, information was available for 66 BPD children and 60 preterm controls. (Three children with severe cerebral palsy were excluded). Parents completed the Child Behaviour Checklist (CBCL) and the Child Health Questionnaire (CHQ). The child's teacher completed the Teacher Report Form (TRF) of the CBCL, with the teachers of the BPD children completing a TRF on a classroom control. Parents completed a questionnaire on their levels of anxiety and depression.

Results: 
The mean total problem score on the CBCL for the BPD children was similar to the controls, with the BPD children displaying more internalising behaviours. Little variation was seen between the BPD and preterm children on the TRF. Significant differences between classroom controls and the BPD children were found for the total problem scores (p = 0.001), internalising behaviours (p = 0.01) and social (p = 0.047), attention (p = 0.0001) and thought problems (0.047). Results from the CHQ showed no difference between the groups in their physical health or the impact of health problems on family life.

Conclusion: 
BPD children at school age display more internalising behaviour than preterm controls, with marked differences on comparison with classroom controls. Quality of life, however, does not seem to be adversely affected compared to the preterm controls.
Keyword School age
Behaviour
Health
Bronchopulmonary dysplasia
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Provisional Code

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collection: School of Medicine Publications
 
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Created: Tue, 26 May 2009, 11:16:26 EST by Denise Wilson on behalf of Medicine - Princess Alexandra Hospital