Education, occupational class, and unemployment in the regions of the United Kingdom

Borooah, Vani K. and Mangan, John (2008) Education, occupational class, and unemployment in the regions of the United Kingdom. Education Economics, 16 4: 351-370. doi:10.1080/09645290801977157

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Author Borooah, Vani K.
Mangan, John
Title Education, occupational class, and unemployment in the regions of the United Kingdom
Journal name Education Economics   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 0964-5292
Publication date 2008
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1080/09645290801977157
Volume 16
Issue 4
Start page 351
End page 370
Total pages 20
Place of publication Abingdon, United Kingdom
Publisher Routledge
Collection year 2009
Language eng
Subject 1402 Applied Economics
939999 Education and Training not elsewhere classified
140204 Economics of Education
Abstract Students in many countries face increased costs of education in the form of direct payments and future tax liabilities and, as a consequence, their education decisions have taken on a greater financial dimension. This has refocused attention on obtaining meaningful estimates of the return to education. Routinely these returns are estimated as the additional earnings derived by an individual following their acquisition of an additional one year of education. However, the use of earnings data in this context is not without methodological problems including likely attenuation and ability bias in measuring the earnings/education relationship, issues concerning the appropriate rate of discount to apply to observed earnings gains and the appropriateness of using years‐of‐education as the measure of educational attainment. In this paper we explore the use of an alternative means of assessing returns to education by examining shifts in the likelihood of gaining ‘labour market success’ from various levels of educational qualification within the framework of an ordered logit model. This method offers three distinct advantages: it favours the use of data from the Sample of anonymised records of the 2001 Census for the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, which, in turn, allows the joint consideration of most of the control variables thought to influence returns to education; it focuses upon the prime source of pecuniary returns to education (labour market success); and it gives expression to the ‘screening device’ and the ‘credentials’ aspects of education by focusing upon the importance of qualifications gained rather than the number of years spent in education.
Keyword Education
Occupational class
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Confirmed Code
Institutional Status UQ

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collections: 2009 Higher Education Research Data Collection
School of Economics Publications
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Created: Sat, 18 Apr 2009, 18:26:41 EST by Kaelene Matts on behalf of School of Economics