This research report summarises the key findings from the project Rethinking Youth Citizenship: Identity and Connection. The project aimed to gain a greater understanding of the changing nature of citizenship and identity for young people in Victoria, Australia. It contributes to the exploration of the issue of youth citizenship from the perspective of new life patterns that see the current generation making adult choices in a highly individualised context. In much youth research today, conventional notions of a ‘mainstream’ and of linear transitions to adulthood forged through a straightforward school to work transition have been replaced by an acknowledgement of the diversity, complexity and multifaceted nature of young people’s lives. This development is highly relevant for the study of youth citizenship because it may be leading to the recognition of new practices of engagement. If young people are no longer experiencing continuous, structured identities and predictable life trajectories, what does this mean for their participation in political and civic life?