Seed persistence in the field may be predicted by laboratory-controlled aging

Long, Rowena L., Panetta, F. Dane, Steadman, Kathryn J., Probert, Robin, Bekker, Renee M., Brooks, Simon and Adkins, Steve W. (2008) Seed persistence in the field may be predicted by laboratory-controlled aging. Weed Science, 56 4: 523-528. doi:10.1614/WS-07-189.1

Author Long, Rowena L.
Panetta, F. Dane
Steadman, Kathryn J.
Probert, Robin
Bekker, Renee M.
Brooks, Simon
Adkins, Steve W.
Title Seed persistence in the field may be predicted by laboratory-controlled aging
Journal name Weed Science   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 0043-1745
Publication date 2008-07
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1614/WS-07-189.1
Volume 56
Issue 4
Start page 523
End page 528
Total pages 6
Place of publication Lawrence, KS, USA
Publisher Weed Science Society of America
Collection year 2009
Language eng
Subject C1
960413 Control of Plant Pests, Diseases and Exotic Species in Farmland, Arable Cropland and Permanent Cropland Environments
060705 Plant Physiology
0607 Plant Biology
Abstract Weed management is complicated by the presence of soil seed banks. The complexity of soil–seed interactions means that seed persistence in the field is often difficult to measure, let alone predict. Field trials, although accurate in their context, are time-consuming and expensive to conduct for individual species. Some ex situ techniques for estimating seed life expectancy have been proposed, but these fail to simulate the environmental complexity of the field. Also, it has been questioned whether techniques such as the controlled aging test (CAT) are useful indicators of field persistence. This study aimed to test the validity of the standard CAT (seed aging at 45 C and 60% relative humidity) in use at the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, U.K., for predicting field seed-persistence. Comparison of seed persistence and CAT data for 27 northwest European species suggested a significant positive correlation of 0.31. Subsequently, 13 species of emerging and common weeds of Queensland were assessed for their seed longevity using the CAT. The seed longevity data of these species in the CAT were linked with field seed-persistence data according to three broad seed-persistence categories: <1 yr, 1 to 3 yr, and >3 yr. We discuss the scope for using the CAT as a tool for rapid assignment of species to these categories. There is a need for further studies that compare predictions of seed persistence based on the CAT with seed persistence in the field for a larger range of species and environments.
Keyword Weed eradication
Seed longevity
Controlled aging test
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Confirmed Code

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collections: 2009 Higher Education Research Data Collection
School of Agriculture and Food Sciences
School of Pharmacy Publications
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Citation counts: TR Web of Science Citation Count  Cited 26 times in Thomson Reuters Web of Science Article | Citations
Scopus Citation Count Cited 29 times in Scopus Article | Citations
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Created: Tue, 07 Apr 2009, 17:03:14 EST by Emma Cushworth on behalf of Faculty Of Nat Resources, Agric & Veterinary Sc