Ice Water Immersion And Delayed Onset Muscle Soreness: A Randomised Controlled Trial

Brukner, Peter, Sellwood, Kylie, Williams, David, Nicol, Alastair and Hinman, Rana (2005). Ice Water Immersion And Delayed Onset Muscle Soreness: A Randomised Controlled Trial. In: , Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise; Proceedings of the 52nd American College of Sports Medicine (ACSM) Annual Meeting. 52nd American College of Sports Medicine (ACSM) Annual Meeting, Gaylord Opryland Resort and Convention Center, Nashville, Tennessee, (S276-S276). 1-4 June 2005.

Author Brukner, Peter
Sellwood, Kylie
Williams, David
Nicol, Alastair
Hinman, Rana
Title of paper Ice Water Immersion And Delayed Onset Muscle Soreness: A Randomised Controlled Trial
Conference name 52nd American College of Sports Medicine (ACSM) Annual Meeting
Conference location Gaylord Opryland Resort and Convention Center, Nashville, Tennessee
Conference dates 1-4 June 2005
Proceedings title Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise; Proceedings of the 52nd American College of Sports Medicine (ACSM) Annual Meeting   Check publisher's open access policy
Place of Publication Maryland
Publisher Lippincott Williams and Wilkins
Publication Year 2005
ISSN 0195-9131
Volume 37
Issue 5 (Supplement)
Start page S276
End page S276
Total pages 1
Language eng
Formatted Abstract/Summary OBJECTIVE:
To determine if ice-water immersion after eccentric quadriceps exercise minimises the symptoms of delayed-onset muscle soreness (DOMS). DESIGN: A prospective randomised double-blind controlled trial was undertaken. 40 untrained volunteers performed an eccentric loading protocol with their non-dominant leg.

INTERVENTIONS:

Participants were randomised to three 1-min immersions in either ice water (5+/-1 degrees C) or tepid water (24 degrees C).

MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES:

Pain and tenderness (visual analogue scale), swelling (thigh circumference), function (one-legged hop for distance), maximal isometric strength and serum creatine kinase (CK) recorded at baseline, 24, 48 and 72 h after exercise. Changes in outcome measures over time were compared to determine the effect of group allocation using independent t tests or Mann-Whitney U tests.

RESULTS:
No significant differences were observed between groups with regard to changes in most pain parameters, tenderness, isometric strength, swelling, hop-for-distance or serum CK over time. There was a significant difference in pain on sit-to-stand at 24 h, with the intervention group demonstrating a greater increase in pain than the control group (median change 8.0 vs 2.0 mm, respectively, p = 0.009).

CONCLUSIONS:

The protocol of ice-water immersion used in this study was ineffectual in minimising markers of DOMS in untrained individuals. This study challenges the wide use of this intervention as a recovery strategy by athletes.
Subjects 110604 Sports Medicine
Q-Index Code EX
Q-Index Status Provisional Code
Institutional Status Unknown

 
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Created: Fri, 03 Apr 2009, 16:10:58 EST by Ms Sarada Rao on behalf of School of Human Movement Studies