In a prospective study in young people, associations between changes in smoking behavior and risk factors for cardiovascular disease were complex

Bernaards, Claire M., Twisk, Jos W. R., Snel, Jan, van Mechelen, Willem and Kemper, Han C. G. (2005) In a prospective study in young people, associations between changes in smoking behavior and risk factors for cardiovascular disease were complex. Journal of Clinical Epidemiology, 58 11: 1165-1171. doi:10.1016/j.jclinepi.2005.02.019


Author Bernaards, Claire M.
Twisk, Jos W. R.
Snel, Jan
van Mechelen, Willem
Kemper, Han C. G.
Title In a prospective study in young people, associations between changes in smoking behavior and risk factors for cardiovascular disease were complex
Journal name Journal of Clinical Epidemiology   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 0895-4356
1878-5921
Publication date 2005-11-01
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1016/j.jclinepi.2005.02.019
Volume 58
Issue 11
Start page 1165
End page 1171
Total pages 7
Place of publication United States
Publisher Elsevier
Language eng
Subject 1117 Public Health and Health Services
Formatted abstract
Objective
This study investigates how voluntary changes in tobacco consumption are related to changes in biological risk factors for cardiovascular disease in 21- to 36-year-old men and women.

Study Design and Setting
Data of the Amsterdam Growth and Health Longitudinal Study (AGAHLS) were used to study the association between voluntary changes in tobacco consumption and changes in biological risk factors for cardiovascular disease (CVD) during 4–6 years of follow-up in 165 men and 195 women aged 21–36 years. We used multiple linear regression analyses with corrections for age and changes in other lifestyles.

Results
In both sexes, we found trends for a reduction in blood pressure, high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C), body weight, and waist-to-hip ratio (WHR) and a rise in the ratio between total serum cholesterol (TC) and HDL-C (TC/HDL-C) with increasing tobacco consumption. Opposite trends were found with reducing tobacco consumption. In women, body weight, WHR, and waist circumference reduced significantly and independently with increasing tobacco consumption and increased significantly with decreasing tobacco consumption.

Conclusion

These results suggest that voluntary changes in tobacco consumption go together with both healthy and unhealthy changes in biological risk factors for CVD.
Keyword Smoking
Follow-up study
Young age
Biological risk factors for cardiovascular disease
Body fat distribution
Free-living
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Provisional Code
Institutional Status Unknown

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collection: School of Human Movement and Nutrition Sciences Publications
 
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Created: Fri, 03 Apr 2009, 19:10:09 EST by Jason Parr on behalf of School of Human Movement and Nutrition Sciences