Is personality related to fruit and vegetable intake and physical activity in adolescents?

de Bruijn, Gert-Jan, Kremers, Stef P. J., van Mechelen, Willem and Brug, Johannes (2005) Is personality related to fruit and vegetable intake and physical activity in adolescents?. Health Educuation Research, 20 6: 635-644. doi:10.1093/her/cyh025


Author de Bruijn, Gert-Jan
Kremers, Stef P. J.
van Mechelen, Willem
Brug, Johannes
Title Is personality related to fruit and vegetable intake and physical activity in adolescents?
Journal name Health Educuation Research   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 0268-1153
1465-3648
Publication date 2005-12
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1093/her/cyh025
Volume 20
Issue 6
Start page 635
End page 644
Total pages 10
Place of publication United Kingdom
Publisher Oxford University Press
Language eng
Subject 1117 Public Health and Health Services
Formatted abstract
Personality is regarded as a distal determinant of health behavior and has been found to be associated with health behavior in young adults. Research investigating the association between personality and health behaviors in adolescents, however, is lacking. The present study explored the direct associations between Big Five personality dimensions with fruit and vegetable consumption and physical activity (PA) in two Dutch adolescent samples [Sample 1: n = 504; mean age = 14.5 years (SD = 1.7); response rate 20%; Sample 2: n = 476; mean age = 14.9 (SD = 2.0); response rate 17%]. Behavioral outcomes and personality were assessed with validated self-administered questionnaires. Bivariate correlations and multiple regression analyses were conducted, and Cohen's effect sizes were used to interpret the associations found. Agreeableness was positively associated with vegetable consumption, while Openness to Experience was positively associated with fruit consumption and vegetable consumption. Extraversion was positively associated with sports-related PA. Standardized regression coefficients for personality dimensions ranged from 0.09 to 0.13, explaining 3–6% of variance in behavior, indicating small effect sizes. Our results suggest that personality dimensions are associated with fruit and vegetable consumption and sports-related PA in adolescents. Future research should explore possible mediators between personality and health behavior in adolescents.
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Provisional Code
Institutional Status Unknown

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collection: School of Human Movement and Nutrition Sciences Publications
 
Versions
Version Filter Type
Citation counts: TR Web of Science Citation Count  Cited 32 times in Thomson Reuters Web of Science Article | Citations
Scopus Citation Count Cited 37 times in Scopus Article | Citations
Google Scholar Search Google Scholar
Created: Thu, 02 Apr 2009, 16:15:31 EST by Maryanne Watson on behalf of School of Human Movement and Nutrition Sciences