Associations of social–environmental and individual-level factors with adolescent soft drink consumption: Results from the SMILE study

de Bruijn, Gert-Jan, Kremers, Stef P. J., de Vries, Hein, van Mechelen, Willem and Johannes Brug, Johannes (2007) Associations of social–environmental and individual-level factors with adolescent soft drink consumption: Results from the SMILE study. Health Education Research, 22 2: 227-237. doi:10.1093/her/cyl066


Author de Bruijn, Gert-Jan
Kremers, Stef P. J.
de Vries, Hein
van Mechelen, Willem
Johannes Brug, Johannes
Title Associations of social–environmental and individual-level factors with adolescent soft drink consumption: Results from the SMILE study
Journal name Health Education Research   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 0268-1153
1465-3648
Publication date 2007-04
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1093/her/cyl066
Volume 22
Issue 2
Start page 227
End page 237
Total pages 11
Place of publication Cary, NC, United States
Publisher Oxford University Press
Language eng
Abstract Adolescent obesity is positively associated with soft drink consumption. We investigated the association of social–environmental and individual-level factors with soft drink consumption in a Dutch adolescent sample. Data were gathered in a longitudinal Dutch adolescent sample (n = 208, 62% girls). Soft drink consumption, social cognitions from the Theory of Planned Behaviour and parenting practices towards limited soft drink intake, and Big Five personality dimensions were assessed. Data were analyzed using three-step linear regression analyses. Effect sizes were used as the informational source for the explanatory value of the model. Interaction terms were computed to test the individual-environment interaction. Attitude and subjective norm were significantly associated with soft drink consumption. When controlling for social cognitions, the distal variables parenting practices and the personality dimension Agreeableness remained significantly associated with soft drink consumption. Agreeableness moderated the association of parenting practices with adolescent soft drink consumption. Standardized regression coefficients ranged from 0.16 to 0.24 and explained 14% of the variance in soft drink consumption, indicating a medium effect size. Stricter parenting practices were associated with less soft drink consumption and these effects were moderated by adolescent personality. The direct effects of practices and personality are noteworthy from a theoretical perspective. Implications for obesity prevention interventions are discussed.
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Confirmed Code
Institutional Status Non-UQ

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collections: Excellence in Research Australia (ERA) - Collection
School of Human Movement and Nutrition Sciences Publications
 
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Created: Thu, 02 Apr 2009, 15:59:30 EST by Maryanne Watson on behalf of School of Human Movement and Nutrition Sciences