What constitutes success in Pacific Island community conserved areas?

Axford, Joanna C., Hockings, Marcus T. and Carter, R. W. (Bill) (2008) What constitutes success in Pacific Island community conserved areas?. Ecology and Society, 13 2: 1-15.

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Author Axford, Joanna C.
Hockings, Marcus T.
Carter, R. W. (Bill)
Title What constitutes success in Pacific Island community conserved areas?
Journal name Ecology and Society   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 1708-3087
Publication date 2008-12
Sub-type Article (original research)
Open Access Status File (Publisher version)
Volume 13
Issue 2
Start page 1
End page 15
Total pages 15
Place of publication Ottawa, Ont., Canada
Publisher Resiliance Alliance Publications
Collection year 2009
Language eng
Subject C1
961303 Protected Conservation Areas in Marine Environments
050205 Environmental Management
169905 Studies of Pacific Peoples' Societies
0502 Environmental Science and Management
Abstract In recent years, few if any community conserved areas (CCAs) in the Pacific island region have been regarded as being successful. However, as success is rarely defined, what constitutes “success” is not clear. This paper reports an investigation into the way “outsiders” perceive success in Pacific island CCAs. An exploratory survey revealed six umbrella themes of success: the locus of control; local benefits; resource aspects; management; external stakeholder involvement; and sustainability. Multivariate analysis distinguished two groups, a Big picture group and a Locally focused group. These differ in how they define success, as well as their organizational alignment. The Big picture group, largely from funder agencies and international NGOs, were focused on the broad issues of success, especially the sustainability of CCAs. The Locally focused group was concerned with the practical workings and needs of successful CCAs in the Pacific; many in this group were based with Pacific island governments and NGOs or CCAs. The study concludes that success in CCAs should not be defined solely on project objectives, especially when these have been developed by an external entity or under their guidance. If they are, high rates of failure are to be expected.
Keyword Community conserved area
Pacific islands
Protected area
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Confirmed Code
Additional Notes Article # 45

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