Effects of lighting conditions on the welfare of horses being loaded for transportation

Cross, Nicola J., van Doorn, Fraukje, Versnel, Caroline, Judy Cawdell-Smith and Phillips, Clive J.C. (2008) Effects of lighting conditions on the welfare of horses being loaded for transportation. Journal of Veterinary Behavior: Clinical Applications and Research, 3 1: 20-24. doi:10.1016/j.jveb.2007.07.005


Author Cross, Nicola J.
van Doorn, Fraukje
Versnel, Caroline
Judy Cawdell-Smith
Phillips, Clive J.C.
Title Effects of lighting conditions on the welfare of horses being loaded for transportation
Journal name Journal of Veterinary Behavior: Clinical Applications and Research   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 1558-7878
Publication date 2008-01
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1016/j.jveb.2007.07.005
Volume 3
Issue 1
Start page 20
End page 24
Total pages 5
Editor K.L. Overall
Place of publication New York, USA
Publisher Elsevier
Collection year 2009
Language eng
Subject C1
070207 Humane Animal Treatment
830306 Horses
Abstract Horses are transported for a variety of purposes. Loading the horse onto a trailer or horsebox can be a source of stress and injury for both the horse and handler. This study investigated whether lighting conditions either inside or outside the trailer influence the welfare of horses during loading. Eight horses were initially trained to enter a trailer for a food reward, and were then loaded into an enclosed trailer either from a dark or lit arena and into a dark or lit trailer, in a replicated Latin Square design. Heart rate increased from the start to the end of each test in all treatments, suggesting that the horses experienced some fear of the loading process. However, there was no effect of lighting treatment on the increase in heart rate or the maximum or mean heart rates. Neither was there any effect of treatment on the speed of loading or number of refusals, which when examined with the heart rate data, suggests that there was no effect of lighting treatment on the horses’ fear of loading. However, horses loading from a lit arena were more likely to turn away from the trailer or lower their head than horses loading from a dark arena. In addition, those loading from a lit arena to a dark trailer sniffed the ground more, showing increased exploration of their environment. It is concluded that the amount of fear shown by horses was not affected by lighting conditions inside or outside the trailer, but there was some evidence of negative emotions when they loaded from a lit arena, particularly when they were entering a dark trailer.
Keyword horses
lighting
loading
transportation
welfare
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Confirmed Code

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collections: 2009 Higher Education Research Data Collection
School of Veterinary Science Publications
 
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Citation counts: TR Web of Science Citation Count  Cited 6 times in Thomson Reuters Web of Science Article | Citations
Scopus Citation Count Cited 7 times in Scopus Article | Citations
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Created: Tue, 31 Mar 2009, 14:08:43 EST by Narelle Poole on behalf of School of Veterinary Science