Audit of cardiovascular disease risk factors among supported adults with intellectual disability attending an ageing clinic

Wallace, R.A. and Schluter, Philip J. (2008) Audit of cardiovascular disease risk factors among supported adults with intellectual disability attending an ageing clinic. Journal of Intellectual & Developmental Disability, 33 1: 48-58.


Author Wallace, R.A.
Schluter, Philip J.
Title Audit of cardiovascular disease risk factors among supported adults with intellectual disability attending an ageing clinic
Journal name Journal of Intellectual & Developmental Disability   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 1366-8250
Publication date 2008-03
Year available 2008
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1080/13668250701858463
Volume 33
Issue 1
Start page 48
End page 58
Total pages 11
Editor Roger J. Stancliffe
Place of publication Abingdon, UK
Publisher Informa Healthcare
Collection year 2009
Language eng
Subject C1
920210 Nursing
111099 Nursing not elsewhere classified
920103 Cardiovascular System and Diseases
110201 Cardiology (incl. Cardiovascular Diseases)
1102 Cardiovascular Medicine and Haematology
1103 Clinical Sciences
1607 Social Work
Formatted abstract  Background: Little is known about the cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk factor profile for older adults with intellectual disability (ID). As many CVD risk factors are treatable by lifestyle changes, confirmation of the risk factor profile for older adults with ID could substantially impact upon preventive health practices for this group. Method: Medical charts of all adults aged 40 years or over attending a specialised ageing clinic for adults with ID between January 2002 and June 2005 were reviewed. Results: Overall, 155 adults’ charts were reviewed and 8 (5%) had diagnosed CVD. Risk factor assessments found 18% with hypertension (of 73% checked), 8% with elevated glucose (of 97% checked), 27% with elevated total cholesterol (of 94% checked), 70% overweight or obese (of 55% checked), 11% current or ex-smokers (100% checked), and 96% with inadequate daily exercise (100% checked). Only the prevalence of hypertension and smoking increased significantly with age. Conclusion: Apart from lack of exercise (which was much more prevalent than for the general population) and overweight or obesity, the overall CVD risk factor profile of supported older adults with ID appears generally more favourable compared to the age-matched general population, although the occurrence of all risk factors is still common. Healthy lifestyle programs for this population should focus on implementation of exercise and nutrition strategies.
Keyword Cardiovascular disease risk factors
Exercise
Overweight
Hypertension
Preventative health
Adults with intellectual disability
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Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collections: 2009 Higher Education Research Data Collection
School of Nursing and Midwifery Publications
 
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