The prevalence and correlates of hallucinations in Australian adolescents: Results from a national survey

Scott, James, Martin, Graham, Bor, William, Sawyer, Michael, Clark, Jennifer and McGrath, John (2009) The prevalence and correlates of hallucinations in Australian adolescents: Results from a national survey. Schizophrenia Research, 107 2-3: 179-185. doi:10.1016/j.schres.2008.11.002


Author Scott, James
Martin, Graham
Bor, William
Sawyer, Michael
Clark, Jennifer
McGrath, John
Title The prevalence and correlates of hallucinations in Australian adolescents: Results from a national survey
Journal name Schizophrenia Research   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 0920-9964
Publication date 2009-02
Year available 2008
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1016/j.schres.2008.11.002
Volume 107
Issue 2-3
Start page 179
End page 185
Total pages 9
Editor H. A. Nasrallah
L. E. DeLisi
Place of publication Amsterdam, The Netherlands
Publisher Elsevier
Collection year 2009
Language eng
Subject C1
110319 Psychiatry (incl. Psychotherapy)
920410 Mental Health
Abstract There is an emerging interest in children and adolescents who have hallucinations and other psychotic-like experiences to enable identification of those potentially at risk for schizophrenia in adulthood. This study examines the prevalence, demographic and clinical correlates of hallucinations in the adolescent subgroup of the Australian National Survey of Mental Health and Well-Being. Participants were a nationally representative sample of 1261 adolescents aged 13–17 years. Adolescents completed self-report questionnaires with two questions relating to hallucinations and questions pertaining to depressive symptoms and cannabis use. Parents completed the Child Behavior Checklist (CBCL) and the Diagnostic Interview Schedule for Children (DISC-IV). Hallucinations were reported by 8.4% of adolescents. Those living in blended or sole parent families were more likely to report hallucinations than those living with both biological parents (OR 3.27; 95% CI 1.93, 5.54; OR 2.60; 95% CI 1.63, 4.13 respectively). Hallucinations were more prevalent in adolescents who scored in the highest decile of the CBCL or had elevated depression symptoms (OR 3.30; 95% CI 2.10, 5.20; OR 5.02; 95% CI 3.38, 7.45 respectively). Hallucinations were associated with depressive disorder (OR 2.70; 95% CI 1.16, 6.28) and were more prevalent in those adolescents who had smoked cannabis more than twice in the month prior to the survey (OR 3.27; 95% CI 1.76, 6.08). Hallucinations occur relatively frequently in adolescents and are associated with a range of demographic and clinical correlates. Further research may assist in understanding the variable trajectory of children and
Keyword hallucinations
adolescents
psychotic-like experiences
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Confirmed Code
Additional Notes published online 01 December 2008

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collections: 2009 Higher Education Research Data Collection
Excellence in Research Australia (ERA) - Collection
School of Medicine Publications
 
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Created: Tue, 24 Mar 2009, 13:46:30 EST by Sheila Cleary on behalf of Psychiatry - Royal Brisbane and Women's Hospital