The Persistence of Social Differentiation in the Philippine Uplands

Dressler, Wolfram and Turner, Sarah (2008) The Persistence of Social Differentiation in the Philippine Uplands. Journal of Development Studies, 44 10: 1450-1473. doi:10.1080/00220380802360966

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Author Dressler, Wolfram
Turner, Sarah
Title The Persistence of Social Differentiation in the Philippine Uplands
Journal name Journal of Development Studies   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 0022-0388
Publication date 2008-11
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1080/00220380802360966
Volume 44
Issue 10
Start page 1450
End page 1473
Total pages 24
Editor Chris Milner
Howard White
John Harriss
Place of publication Abingdon, England
Publisher Routledge
Collection year 2009
Language eng
Subject C1
160101 Anthropology of Development
959999 Cultural Understanding not elsewhere classified
Abstract Certain drivers of social and economic differences facilitate the reification of ethnic identity between so-called uplanders and lowlanders on Palawan Island in the Philippines. Drawing on case studies, in this paper we examine how two seemingly distinct social groups Christian migrants and indigenous Tagbanua - use their respective positions in society to mark differences in ethnic identity and livelihoods. We then argue that as non-governmental organisations build on notions of indigeneity as a means to facilitate their programmes, they further reinforce how each group articulates difference. We demonstrate that the tendency of NGOs to construct and reify notions of indigeneity in support of land claims and conservation has in fact polarised ethnic differences and, in turn, reinforced inequality between each group. We conclude that although non-governmental organisations have tried to remedy social and economic disparities between social groups, their simplification of local ways of life reinforces stereotypes of these people and their land uses.
Keyword Resource-Management
Biodiversity Conservation
Identity
Community
Environmentalism
Politics
People
India
Ngos
Asia
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Confirmed Code

 
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Created: Mon, 23 Mar 2009, 16:25:52 EST by Margaret Gately on behalf of Faculty of Social & Behavioural Sciences