The short-term effects of air pollution on respiratory admissions: A meta-analysis for 4 Australian cities

Simpson, R., Williams, G., Petroeschevksy, A., O'Farrell, T., Denison, L., Hinwood, A., Morgan, G. and Neville, G. (2003). The short-term effects of air pollution on respiratory admissions: A meta-analysis for 4 Australian cities. In: Epidemiology: Abstracts of the 15th Conference of the International Society for Environment Epidemiology. 15th Conference of the International Society for Environment-Epidemiology, Perth, Western Australia, (S33-S33). 23-26 September, 2003.

Author Simpson, R.
Williams, G.
Petroeschevksy, A.
O'Farrell, T.
Denison, L.
Hinwood, A.
Morgan, G.
Neville, G.
Title of paper The short-term effects of air pollution on respiratory admissions: A meta-analysis for 4 Australian cities
Conference name 15th Conference of the International Society for Environment-Epidemiology
Conference location Perth, Western Australia
Conference dates 23-26 September, 2003
Proceedings title Epidemiology: Abstracts of the 15th Conference of the International Society for Environment Epidemiology   Check publisher's open access policy
Place of Publication Baltimore, MD
Publisher Lippincott Williams & Wilkins
Publication Year 2003
Sub-type Poster
ISSN 1044-3983
Volume 14
Issue 5 Supplement
Start page S33
End page S33
Total pages 1
Language eng
Abstract/Summary This poster complements the paper in this area (A description of the SPIRT study for Brisbane, Melbourne, Perth and Sydney: Simpson et al) and details all the results referred in summary in the paper on the short-term health effects of air pollution on respiratory admissions in four Australian cities-Brisbane, Melbourne, Perth and Sydney. The study used a protocol similar to that used in Europe (Air Pollution and Health: A European Approach-APHEA) to examine the associations between health outcomes, such as daily mortality and daily hospital admissions counts, and air pollutants. This poster details all the results for the period 1996-1999 of a meta-analysis for the four cities for the acute health impacts of the pollutants-fine particles, nitrogen dioxide, and ozone. The meta-analyses often show statistically significant differences between the cities indicating the results can be quite different in different cities. Fine particles (as measured by nephelometery) and nitrogen dioxide both have a significant impact on cardiac admissions (14-65 years, greater than 65 years) and IHD admissions (all ages, > 65 years), while ozone has a significant impact on cardiac admissions (14-65 years, greater than 65 years) (although the results are sensitive to how temperature is used in the models). The sensitivity of the results to different statistical methods used in the meta-analyses have been carried out using a combination of three approaches: generalised additive models (GAM) using the S Plus statistical package and loess smoothing, generalised additive models using the S Plus package and natural spiines, and penalised splines using the R statistical package. The results for all methods are presented and for periods of lags of days 0-3 for all pollutants.
Subjects 1117 Public Health and Health Services
Q-Index Code EX
Q-Index Status Provisional Code
Institutional Status Unknown

 
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Created: Fri, 13 Mar 2009, 12:20:10 EST by Ms Sarada Rao on behalf of School of Public Health