A clinical prediction rule for identifying patients with patellofemoral pain who are likely to benefit from foot orthoses: A preliminary determination

Vicenzino, Bill, Collins, Natalie, Cleland, Joshua and McPoil, Thomas (2010) A clinical prediction rule for identifying patients with patellofemoral pain who are likely to benefit from foot orthoses: A preliminary determination. British Journal of Sport medicine, 44 12: 1-10.


Author Vicenzino, Bill
Collins, Natalie
Cleland, Joshua
McPoil, Thomas
Title A clinical prediction rule for identifying patients with patellofemoral pain who are likely to benefit from foot orthoses: A preliminary determination
Journal name British Journal of Sport medicine   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 0306-3674
1473-0480
Publication date 2010-09
Year available 2008
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1136/bjsm.2008.052613
Volume 44
Issue 12
Start page 1
End page 10
Total pages 10
Place of publication London, United Kingdom
Publisher B M J Group
Collection year 2009
Language eng
Subject 110317 Physiotherapy
920201 Allied Health Therapies (excl. Mental Health Services)
C1
Formatted abstract Objective: To develop a clinical prediction rule to identify patients with patellofemoral pain (PFP) who are more likely to benefit from foot orthoses.
Design: Posthoc analysis of one treatment arm of a randomised clinical trial.
Setting: Single-centre trial in a community setting in Brisbane, Australia.
Participants: 42 participants (mean age 27.9 years) with a clinical diagnosis of PFP (median duration 36 months).
Interventions: Foot orthoses fitted by a physiotherapist.
Main Outcome Measures: Five-point global improvement scale at 12-week follow-up, dichotomised with marked improvement equalling success.
Results: Potential predictor variables identified by univariate analyses were age, height, pain severity, anterior knee pain scale score, functional index questionnaire score, foot morphometry (arch height ratio, mid-foot width difference from non-weight bearing to weight bearing) and overall orthoses comfort. Parsimonious fitting of these variables to a model that explained success with orthoses identified the following: age (>25 years), height (<165 cm), worst pain visual analogue scale (<53.25 mm) and a difference in mid-foot width from non-weight bearing to weight bearing (>10.96 mm). The pretest success rate of 40% increased to 86% if the patient exhibited three of these variables (positive likelihood ratio 8.8; 95% CI 1.2 to 66.9).
Conclusion: Post-hoc analysis identified age, height, pain severity and mid-foot morphometry as possible predictors of successful treatment of PFP with foot orthoses, thereby providing practitioners with information for prescribing foot orthoses in PFP and stimulating further research.
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Confirmed Code
Institutional Status UQ

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collections: 2009 Higher Education Research Data Collection
ERA 2012 Admin Only
School of Health and Rehabilitation Sciences Publications
 
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Created: Tue, 10 Mar 2009, 13:21:53 EST