The Beneficial Effects of Group-Based Exercises on Fall Risk Profile and Physical Activity Persist 1 Year Postintervention in Older Women with Low Bone Mass: Follow-Up After Withdrawal of Exercise

Liu-Ambrose, Teresa Y. L., Khan, Karim M., Eng, Janice J., Gillies, Graham L., Lord, Stephen R. and McKay, Heather A. (2005) The Beneficial Effects of Group-Based Exercises on Fall Risk Profile and Physical Activity Persist 1 Year Postintervention in Older Women with Low Bone Mass: Follow-Up After Withdrawal of Exercise. Journal of the American Geriatrics Society, 53 10: 1767-1773. doi:10.1111/j.1532-5415.2005.53525.x


Author Liu-Ambrose, Teresa Y. L.
Khan, Karim M.
Eng, Janice J.
Gillies, Graham L.
Lord, Stephen R.
McKay, Heather A.
Title The Beneficial Effects of Group-Based Exercises on Fall Risk Profile and Physical Activity Persist 1 Year Postintervention in Older Women with Low Bone Mass: Follow-Up After Withdrawal of Exercise
Journal name Journal of the American Geriatrics Society   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 0002-8614
1532-5415
Publication date 2005-10
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1111/j.1532-5415.2005.53525.x
Volume 53
Issue 10
Start page 1767
End page 1773
Total pages 7
Place of publication Baltimore, Md.
Publisher Blackwell
Language eng
Subject 1103 Clinical Sciences
Abstract OBJECTIVES: To determine whether exercise-induced reductions in fall risk are maintained in older women 1 year after the cessation of three types of interventionsFresistance training, agility training, and general stretching. DESIGN: One-year observational study. SETTING: Community. ARTICIPANTS: Ninety-eight women aged 75 to 85 with low bone mass. MEASUREMENTS: Primary outcome measure was fall risk, measured using the Physiological Profile Assessment tool. Secondary outcome measures were current physical activity level, assessed using the Physical Activity Scale for the Elderly, and formal exercise participation, assessed using an interview. RESULTS: At the end of the follow-up, the fall risk of former participants of all three exercise programs was maintained (i.e., still reduced) from trial completion. Mean fall risk value at the end of follow-up was 43.3% lower than mean baseline value in former participants of the resistancetraining group, 40.1% lower in the agility-training group, and 37.4% lower in the general stretching group. Physical activity levels were also maintained from trial completion. Specifically, there was a 3.8% increase in physical activity from baseline for the resistance-training group, a 29.2% increase for the agility-training group, and a 37.7% increase for the general stretching group. CONCLUSION: After three types of group-based exercise programs, benefits are sustained for at least 12 months without further formal exercise intervention. Thus, these 6- month exercise interventions appeared to act as a catalyst for increasing physical activity with resultant reductions in fall risk profile that were maintained for at least 18 months in older women with low bone mass
Keyword Fall risk
Physical activity
Detraining
Aged
Low bone mass
Q-Index Code C1

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collections: Excellence in Research Australia (ERA) - Collection
School of Human Movement and Nutrition Sciences Publications
 
Versions
Version Filter Type
Citation counts: TR Web of Science Citation Count  Cited 33 times in Thomson Reuters Web of Science Article | Citations
Scopus Citation Count Cited 41 times in Scopus Article | Citations
Google Scholar Search Google Scholar
Created: Mon, 09 Mar 2009, 16:25:22 EST by Ms Sarada Rao on behalf of School of Human Movement and Nutrition Sciences