An integrated physiological and performance profile of professional tennis

Hornery, Daniel J., Farrow, Damian, Mujika, Inigo and Young, Warren B. (2007) An integrated physiological and performance profile of professional tennis. British Journal of Sports Medicine, 41 8: 531-536. doi:10.1136/bjsm.2006.031351

Author Hornery, Daniel J.
Farrow, Damian
Mujika, Inigo
Young, Warren B.
Title An integrated physiological and performance profile of professional tennis
Journal name British Journal of Sports Medicine   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 0306-3674
Publication date 2007-08
Year available 2007
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1136/bjsm.2006.031351
Volume 41
Issue 8
Start page 531
End page 536
Total pages 6
Place of publication England
Publisher BMJ Publishing Group
Language eng
Subject 170112 Sensory Processes, Perception and Performance
1106 Human Movement and Sports Science
Abstract Objective: Describe the physiological responses to tournament tennis in relation with prevailing environmental conditions, match notation and skills that underpin performance. Design: Fourteen male professional tennis players (mean (SD) age: 21.4 (2.6) yr; height: 183.0 (6.9) cm; body mass: 79.2 (6.4) kg) were studied whilst contesting international tennis tournaments. Environmental conditions, match notation, physiological (core temperature, hydration status, heart rate, blood variables) and performance parameters (serve kinematics, serve velocity, error rates) were recorded. Results: Hard and clay court tournaments elicited similar peak core temperature (38.9 (0.3) vs. 38.5 (0.6) °C) and average heart rate (152 (15) vs. 146 (19) bpm) but different body mass deficit (1.05 (0.49) vs. 0.32 (0.56) %, p < 0.05). Average pre-match urine specific gravity was 1.022 (0.004). Time between points was longer during hard court matches (25.1 (4.3) vs. 17.2 (3.3) s, p < 0.05). Qualitative analysis of first and second serves, respectively, revealed inverse relationships between the position of the tossing arm at ball release and the position of the ball toss and progressive match time (r = -0.74 and r = -0.73, p < 0.05) and incurred body mass deficit (r = 0.73 and r = 0.73, p < 0.05). Conclusions: Participants commenced matches in a poor state of hydration, experienced moderate thermoregulatory strain and dehydration during competition. These adverse physiological conditions may compromise performance and influence notational analyses.
Keyword Tennis match play
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Provisional Code
Institutional Status Non-UQ

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collections: Excellence in Research Australia (ERA) - Collection
School of Human Movement and Nutrition Sciences Publications
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Citation counts: TR Web of Science Citation Count  Cited 42 times in Thomson Reuters Web of Science Article | Citations
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Created: Thu, 05 Mar 2009, 14:57:33 EST by Judy Dingwall on behalf of School of Human Movement and Nutrition Sciences