A Descriptive Epidemiology of Screen-based Media Use in Youth: A Review and Critique

Marshall, Simon J., Gorely, Trish and Biddle, Stuart J.H. (2006) A Descriptive Epidemiology of Screen-based Media Use in Youth: A Review and Critique. Journal of Adolescence, 29 3: 333-349. doi:10.1016/j.adolescence.2005.08.016


Author Marshall, Simon J.
Gorely, Trish
Biddle, Stuart J.H.
Title A Descriptive Epidemiology of Screen-based Media Use in Youth: A Review and Critique
Journal name Journal of Adolescence   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 0140-1971
1095-9254
Publication date 2006-06
Year available 2005
Sub-type Critical review of research, literature review, critical commentary
DOI 10.1016/j.adolescence.2005.08.016
Volume 29
Issue 3
Start page 333
End page 349
Total pages 17
Place of publication London, United Kingdom
Publisher Academic Press
Language eng
Subject 170114 Sport and Exercise Psychology
Formatted abstract
The purpose of this systematic review was to (i) estimate the prevalence and dose of television (TV) viewing, video game playing and computer use, and (ii) assess age-related and (iii) secular trends in TV viewing among youth (≤18 yr). Ninety studies published in English language journals between 1949 and 2004 were included, presenting data from 539 independent samples (the unit of analysis). Results suggest contemporary youth watch on average 1.8–2.8 h of TV per day, depending on age and gender. Most (66%) are ‘low users’ (<2 h day-1) of TV but 28% watch more than 4 h day-1 . Boys and girls with access to video games spend approximately 60 and 23 min day-1 , respectively, using this technology. Computer use accounts for an additional 30 min day-1 . Age-speciļ¬c data suggest TV viewing decreases during adolescence, but those considered ‘high users’ at young ages are likely to remain high users when older. For children with access to a television set, the number of hours spent viewing does not appear to have increased over the past 50 years.  
Keyword Young people
Television viewing
Video games
Computers
Physical activity
Systematic review
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Provisional Code
Institutional Status Non-UQ

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Critical review of research, literature review, critical commentary
Collections: Excellence in Research Australia (ERA) - Collection
School of Human Movement and Nutrition Sciences Publications
 
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Created: Tue, 03 Mar 2009, 09:47:23 EST by Judy Dingwall on behalf of School of Human Movement and Nutrition Sciences