Race/ethnicity, social class, and leisure-time physical inactivity

Marshall, Simon J., Jones, Deborah A., Ainsworth, Barbara E., Reis, Jared P., Levy, Susan S. and Macera, Caroline A. (2007) Race/ethnicity, social class, and leisure-time physical inactivity. Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise, 39 1: 44-51. doi:10.1249/01.mss.0000239401.16381.37

Author Marshall, Simon J.
Jones, Deborah A.
Ainsworth, Barbara E.
Reis, Jared P.
Levy, Susan S.
Macera, Caroline A.
Title Race/ethnicity, social class, and leisure-time physical inactivity
Journal name Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 0195-9131
Publication date 2007-01
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1249/01.mss.0000239401.16381.37
Volume 39
Issue 1
Start page 44
End page 51
Total pages 8
Place of publication Philadelphia, PA, United States
Publisher Lippincott Williams & Wilkins
Language eng
Formatted abstract
Purpose: The aims of this study were to determine 1) prevalence of leisure-time physical inactivity in a nationally representative sample of non-Hispanic white, non-Hispanic black, and Hispanic men and women; 2) prevalence of leisure-time inactivity by racial/ethnic group across social class indicators; and 3) the relationship between leisure-time inactivity and occupational physical activity, independent of other social class indicators. Methods: The National Physical Activity and Weight Loss Survey was a telephone survey of noninstitutionalized U.S. adults (4695 men, 6516 women) conducted by random digit dialing between September and December 2002. Self-reported physical activity was assessed using questions from the 2001 Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System. Respondents who reported no moderate- or vigorous-intensity physical activity during leisure time in a usual week were classified as inactive. Indicators of social class were education, family income, employment status, and marital status. Results: Age-adjusted prevalence of leisure-time inactivity was 9.9% ± 0.6 SE (standard error) and 12.0 ± 0.6 for white men and women, respectively; 19.0 ± 2.5 and 25.2 ± 2.1 for non-Hispanic black men and women, and 20.9 ± 2.1 and 27.3 ± 2.5 for Hispanic men and women. Within each racial/ethnic group, prevalence of leisure-time inactivity was highest among participants of lower social class. Differences in inactivity by racial/ethnic group were less evident after adjustment for social class. Odds of inactivity were similar across quartiles of occupational physical activity after adjustment for age, sex, and social class. Conclusions: Non-Hispanic blacks and Hispanics were more inactive during their leisure time than were non-Hispanic whites. Social class but not occupational physical activity seems to moderate the relationship between race/ethnicity and leisure-time physical inactivity.
Keyword Physical activity
Sedentary behavior
Surveillance surveys
Socioeconomic status
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Confirmed Code
Institutional Status Non-UQ

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collections: Excellence in Research Australia (ERA) - Collection
School of Human Movement and Nutrition Sciences Publications
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Citation counts: TR Web of Science Citation Count  Cited 132 times in Thomson Reuters Web of Science Article | Citations
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Created: Mon, 02 Mar 2009, 13:44:13 EST by Ms Karen Naughton on behalf of School of Human Movement and Nutrition Sciences