Imidacloprid residues in fruits, vegetables and water samples from Palestine

Daraghmeh, Ayman, Shraim, Amjad, Abulhaj, Sameer, Sansour, Ramzi and Ng, Jack C. (2007) Imidacloprid residues in fruits, vegetables and water samples from Palestine. Environmental Geochemistry and Health, 29 1: 45-50. doi:10.1007/s10653-006-9060-2

Author Daraghmeh, Ayman
Shraim, Amjad
Abulhaj, Sameer
Sansour, Ramzi
Ng, Jack C.
Title Imidacloprid residues in fruits, vegetables and water samples from Palestine
Journal name Environmental Geochemistry and Health   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 0269-4042
Publication date 2007-02
Year available 2006
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1007/s10653-006-9060-2
Volume 29
Issue 1
Start page 45
End page 50
Total pages 6
Editor Ming H. Wong
Place of publication Dordrecht, Netherlands
Publisher Springer Netherlands
Collection year 2008
Language eng
Subject 050206 Environmental Monitoring
259902 Environmental Chemistry (incl. Atmospheric Chemistry)
300303 Plant Protection (Pests, Diseases and Weeds)
300804 Environmental Impact Assessment
779902 Land and water management
Formatted abstract
The aim of this work was to report on imidacloprid [IUPAC name 1-(6-chloro-3-pyridylmethyl)-N-nitroimidazolidin-2-ylideneamine] residues in some vegetables, fruits, and water samples collected from the West Bank, Palestine, in 1998 and 1999. Imidacloprid and its derivatives in the study samples were extracted by methanol/water and oxidized into 6-chloronicotinic acid and subsequently derivatized into 6-chloronicotinic acid trimethylsilyl ester before being determined by GC/MS. Imidacloprid residues were detected in more than half of the analyzed samples. The highest and lowest imidacloprid concentrations were found in eggplant (0.46 mg/kg) and green beans (0.08 mg/kg), respectively. An increase of 11–120% in imidacloprid concentration in the 1999 samples was observed when compared with those of 1998. This may suggest imidacloprid accumulation in the soil and/or increased use by local farmers. The imidacloprid residue concentrations in several crops were found to exceed the CODEX maximum residue limit.
© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2006
Keyword Pesticides
6-Chloronicotinic acid
West Bank
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Provisional Code
Institutional Status UQ
Additional Notes Published online: 25 November 2006

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collections: Excellence in Research Australia (ERA) - Collection
National Research Centre for Environmental Toxicology Publications
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Citation counts: TR Web of Science Citation Count  Cited 10 times in Thomson Reuters Web of Science Article | Citations
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Created: Fri, 27 Feb 2009, 13:49:26 EST by Joanne Mellor on behalf of National Res Centre For Environmental Toxicology