‘Active’ filters for upgrading phosphorus removal from pond systems

Shilton, A., Pratt, S., Drizo, A., Mahmood, B., Banker, S., Billings, L., Glenny, S. and Luo, D. (2005) ‘Active’ filters for upgrading phosphorus removal from pond systems. Water Science and Technology, 51 12: 111-116.

Author Shilton, A.
Pratt, S.
Drizo, A.
Mahmood, B.
Banker, S.
Billings, L.
Glenny, S.
Luo, D.
Title ‘Active’ filters for upgrading phosphorus removal from pond systems
Journal name Water Science and Technology   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 0273-1223
Publication date 2005
Sub-type Article (original research)
Volume 51
Issue 12
Start page 111
End page 116
Total pages 6
Place of publication London
Publisher IWA Publishing/Portland Press
Language eng
Subject 090409 Wastewater Treatment Processes
Abstract This paper investigates limestone and iron slag filters as an upgrade option for phosphorus removal from wastewater treatment ponds. A review of ‘active’ filter technology and the results from laboratory and field research using packed columns of the different media is presented. It is shown that both limestone and iron slag can remove phosphorus but highlights that different types of limestone give markedly different performance. Filter performance appears to be improved by increasing temperature and by the presence of algae, presumably because of its tendency to elevate pH. Performance is related to hydraulic retention time (HRT), but this relationship is not linear, particularly at low HRTs. Importantly for future research, the results from field-testing with pond effluent show significant differences compared to those obtained when using a synthetic feed in the laboratory. For the iron slag filter, higher performance was observed in the field (72% in field vs. 27% in laboratory, at a 12 hour-HRT), while the opposite was observed for the limestone (64% in laboratory vs. 18% in field, at a 12-hour HRT).
Keyword active filters
iron slag
waste stabilisation ponds
Q-Index Code C1

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collections: Excellence in Research Australia (ERA) - Collection
Advanced Water Management Centre Publications
Version Filter Type
Citation counts: TR Web of Science Citation Count  Cited 26 times in Thomson Reuters Web of Science Article | Citations
Scopus Citation Count Cited 0 times in Scopus Article
Google Scholar Search Google Scholar
Created: Fri, 13 Feb 2009, 10:44:18 EST by Alexandra Cooney on behalf of Library Corporate Services