Managing ecosystem services in broadacre landscapes: what are the appropriate spatial scales?

Schellhorn, Nancy A., Pierce, Sarina, Bianchi, Felix J. J. A., Williams, David G. and Zalucki, Myron P. (2008) Managing ecosystem services in broadacre landscapes: what are the appropriate spatial scales?. Australian Journal of Experimental Agriculture, 48 12: 1549-1559. doi:10.1071/EA08112


Author Schellhorn, Nancy A.
Pierce, Sarina
Bianchi, Felix J. J. A.
Williams, David G.
Zalucki, Myron P.
Title Managing ecosystem services in broadacre landscapes: what are the appropriate spatial scales?
Journal name Australian Journal of Experimental Agriculture   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 0816-1089
Publication date 2008-12
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1071/EA08112
Volume 48
Issue 12
Start page 1549
End page 1559
Total pages 11
Place of publication Australia
Publisher CSIRO
Collection year 2009
Language eng
Subject C1
960413 Control of Plant Pests, Diseases and Exotic Species in Farmland, Arable Cropland and Permanent Cropland Environments
060299 Ecology not elsewhere classified
Abstract Over the past 200 years agriculture has expanded throughout Australia. The culmination of clearing and cultivating land at the farm scale has resulted in highly modified landscapes and a perceived loss of ecosystem services from pest control and pollination. We examine the literature: (i) to identify the appropriate spatial scale for managing pests, natural enemies and pollinators; and (ii) for evidence that farm-scale changes (due to agricultural intensification) across a landscape have resulted in a tipping point favouring pests and hindering pollinators. Although there is limited information to draw firm conclusions, the evidence suggests that actions undertaken on individual farms have an impact both on their neighbours and regionally, and that the culmination of these actions can lead to changes in population dynamics of pests, natural enemies and pollinators. For major pest species, there is reasonable evidence that grain growers may benefit from improved management and higher yields by implementing area-wide pest management strategies on a landscape scale in collaboration with growers of other crops that also share these pests. As yet, for natural enemies and pollinators there is little direct evidence that similar area-wide initiatives will have a greater effect than management strategies aimed at the field and farm level. Managing pests, natural enemies and pollinators beyond the scale of the field or farm is technically and socially challenging and will required a well defined research agenda, as well as compromise, balance and trading among stakeholders. We highlight critical knowledge gaps and suggest approaches for designing and managing landscapes for ecosystem services.
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Confirmed Code

 
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Created: Wed, 11 Feb 2009, 14:00:27 EST by Gail Walter on behalf of Faculty of Science