Variation in acquisition of Fiji disease virus by Perkinsiella saccharicida (Hemiptera: Delphacidae)

Ridley, Andrew W., Dhileepan, K., Walter, Gimme H., Johnson, Karyn N. and Croft, Barry J. (2008) Variation in acquisition of Fiji disease virus by Perkinsiella saccharicida (Hemiptera: Delphacidae). Journal of Economic Entomology, 101 1: 17-22. doi:10.1603/0022-0493(2008)101[17:VIAOFD]2.0.CO;2

Author Ridley, Andrew W.
Dhileepan, K.
Walter, Gimme H.
Johnson, Karyn N.
Croft, Barry J.
Title Variation in acquisition of Fiji disease virus by Perkinsiella saccharicida (Hemiptera: Delphacidae)
Formatted title
Variation in acquisition of Fiji Disease Virus by Perkinsiella saccharicida (Hemiptera: Delphacidae)
Journal name Journal of Economic Entomology   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 0022-0493
Publication date 2008-02
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1603/0022-0493(2008)101[17:VIAOFD]2.0.CO;2
Volume 101
Issue 1
Start page 17
End page 22
Total pages 6
Place of publication United States
Publisher Entomological Society of America
Collection year 2009
Language eng
Subject C1
960499 Control of Pests, Diseases and Exotic Species not elsewhere classified
0703 Crop and Pasture Production
Formatted abstract
Fiji leaf gall, caused the Fiji disease virus (genus Fijivirus, family Reoviridae, FDV), is a serious disease of sugarcane, Saccharum officinarum L., in Australia and several other Asia-Pacific countries. In Australia FDV is transmitted only by the planthopper Perkinsiella saccharicida Kirkaldy (Hemiptera: Delphacidae), in a propagative manner. Successful transmission of FDV by single planthoppers confined to individual virus free plants is highly variable, even under controlled conditions. The research reported here addresses two possible sources of this variation: 1) gender, wing form, and life stage of the planthopper; and 2) genotype of the source plant. The acquisition of FDV by macropterous males, macropterous females, brachypterous females, and nymphs of P. saccharicida from infected plants was investigated using reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction to diagnose FDV infection in the vector. The proportion of individuals infected with FDV was not statistically related to life stage, gender, or adult wing form of the vector. The acquisition of FDV by P. saccharicida from four cultivars of sugarcane was compared to assess the influence of plant genotype on acquisition. Those planthopper populations reared on diseased ‘NCo310′ plants had twice as many infected planthoppers as those reared on ‘Q110′, ‘WD1′, and ‘WD2′. Therefore, variation in FDV acquisition in this system is not the result of variation in the gender, wing form and life stage of the P. saccharicida vectors. The cultivar used as the source plant to rear vector populations does affect the proportion of infected planthoppers in a population.
Keyword sugarcane
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Confirmed Code

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Created: Wed, 11 Feb 2009, 13:19:28 EST by Gail Walter on behalf of Faculty of Science