Adequate protection and the proper management of Indigenous cultural heritage remains an area of concern not only for Indigenous communities, but also for government and land users in Australia. Currently a large number of different Commonwealth, State and Territory legislative instruments are designed to regulate, manage and protect Indigenous cultural heritage in Australia. In the words of Evatt, “wide differences in the laws and procedures and in the level of protection provided under the various State and Territory legislative regimes exist”. Reviews of the protection that is offered by cultural heritage legislation in Australia have not generally been positive. In this context, Queensland has introduced a new regime to govern Indigenous cultural heritage in the State.