Striking a balance between biodiversity conservation and socioeconomic viability in the design of marine protected areas

Klein, C., Chan, A., Kircher, L., Cundiff, A. J., Gardner, N., Hrovat, Y., Scholz, A., Kendall, B. E. and Airame, S. (2008) Striking a balance between biodiversity conservation and socioeconomic viability in the design of marine protected areas. Conservation Biology, 22 3: 691-700. doi:10.1111/j.1523-1739.2008.00896.x

Author Klein, C.
Chan, A.
Kircher, L.
Cundiff, A. J.
Gardner, N.
Hrovat, Y.
Scholz, A.
Kendall, B. E.
Airame, S.
Title Striking a balance between biodiversity conservation and socioeconomic viability in the design of marine protected areas
Journal name Conservation Biology   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 0888-8892
Publication date 2008-06
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1111/j.1523-1739.2008.00896.x
Volume 22
Issue 3
Start page 691
End page 700
Total pages 10
Place of publication Hoboken, NJ, United States
Publisher Wiley-Blackwell Publishing
Collection year 2009
Language eng
Subject 0502 Environmental Science and Management
050202 Conservation and Biodiversity
960808 Marine Flora, Fauna and Biodiversity
Abstract The establishment of marine protected areas is often viewed as a conflict between conservation and fishing. We considered consumptive and nonconsumptive interests of multiple stakeholders (i.e., fishers, scuba divers, conservationists, managers, scientists) in the systematic design of a network of marine protected areas along California's central coast in the context of the Marine Life Protection Act Initiative. With advice from managers, administrators, and scientists, a representative group of stakeholders defined biodiversity conservation and socioeconomic goals that accommodated social needs and conserved marine ecosystems, consistent with legal requirements. To satisfy biodiversity goals, we targeted 11 marine habitats across 5 depth zones, areas of high species diversity, and areas containing species of special status. We minimized adverse socioeconomic impacts by minimizing negative effects on fishers. We included fine-scale fishing data from the recreational and commercial fishing sectors across 24 fisheries. Protected areas designed with consideration of commercial and recreational fisheries reduced potential impact to the fisheries approximately 21% more than protected areas designed without consideration of fishing effort and resulted in a small increase in the total area protected (approximately 3.4%). We incorporated confidential fishing data without revealing the identity of specific fisheries or individual fishing grounds. We sited a portion of the protected areas near land parks, marine laboratories, and scientific monitoring sites to address nonconsumptive socioeconomic goals. Our results show that a stakeholder-driven design process can use systematic conservation-planning methods to successfully produce options for network design that satisfy multiple conservation and socioeconomic objectives. Marine protected areas that incorporate multiple stakeholder interests without compromising biodiversity conservation goals are more likely to protect marine ecosystems.
Keyword Conservation costs
Conservation planning
Fishing effort
Fishing exclusion zones
Marine biodiversity
Marine reserves
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Confirmed Code
Institutional Status UQ
Additional Notes Article first published online: 28 June 2008

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Created: Tue, 10 Feb 2009, 14:36:13 EST by Gail Walter on behalf of School of Biological Sciences