Arts, Dionne, Pitt, Rachael, Laffan, Warren, Boreham, Paul, Hundt, David and Caniglia, Fiona (2006) Poverty in Queensland. J6027, The University of Queensland Social Research Centre (UQSRC), The University of Queensland.
The Queensland Council of Social Service (QCOSS) has commissioned this report by The University of Queensland Social Research Centre (UQSRC) to provide an overview of the dimensions of poverty in Queensland. Understanding these dimensions is a basis for planning and implementing appropriate policies and programs so as to adequately address poverty and inequality. There is no single definition of poverty. The report highlights three key concepts or forms of systematic deprivation or incapacity which need to be taken into account when defining poverty: • Subsistence poverty • Participation or social poverty and • Income poverty. Similarly, there is no universally accepted and standard definition of poverty. Household income is one aspect of poverty, however it may be more useful to consider income within a broader measurement of living standards. Australian research literature focuses on definitions involving income levels. The following are the most commonly used poverty measures: • Half the average disposable income for a household • Half the median disposable income for a household • Henderson poverty line The report uses data available from 1999 and 2001 available on the poverty measures highlighted above. It also makes extensive use of the Australian Bureau of Statistics (ABS) data from the 2001 Australian Census of Population and Housing, as well as other ABS data. This paper will be updated when the ABS 2006 Census data is available.