Age and Redintegration in Immediate Memory and Their Relationship to Task Difficulty

Neale, Kerry and Tehan, Gerry (2007) Age and Redintegration in Immediate Memory and Their Relationship to Task Difficulty. Memory & Cognition, 35 8: 1940-1953. doi:10.3758/BF03192927

Author Neale, Kerry
Tehan, Gerry
Title Age and Redintegration in Immediate Memory and Their Relationship to Task Difficulty
Journal name Memory & Cognition   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 1532-5946
Publication date 2007-12
Year available 2007
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.3758/BF03192927
Volume 35
Issue 8
Start page 1940
End page 1953
Total pages 14
Place of publication Austin
Publisher Psychonomic Society
Collection year 2007
Language eng
Subject 170102 Developmental Psychology and Ageing
Abstract It is commonly assumed that as short-term memory tasks become more difficult, a transient phonological trace that supports recall loses its fidelity. Recall can still be achieved through a process called redintegration, where long-term phonological or lexical knowledge is used to reconstruct the memory trace. In the present research, we explored age-related differences in the redintegration process by having older and younger participants study lists under different levels of task difficulty. As a means of examining the redintegration process, in Experiment 1, semantic similarity was manipulated, and in Experiment 2, phonological similarity was varied. The results show that similarity effects can be accurately predicted from knowledge of task difficulty with item scoring, but not with order scoring. The results support the redintegration perspective and indicate that although there may be differences in the absolute level of recall across age groups, the redintegration process is identical for younger and older participants.
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Provisional Code
Institutional Status Unknown

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collections: Excellence in Research Australia (ERA) - Collection
School of Nursing, Midwifery and Social Work Publications
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